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58 terms

Set 2 psychology, biology of the mind

sleeping disorders, drugs, biology
STUDY
PLAY
Narcolepsy
it's a sleeping disorder, sleep attack, uncontrollable sleepiness
narcolepsy
lack of orexin
Manifest content
according to Freud, the remembered storyline of a dream
latent content
Latent content: underline meaning of your dream,
latent content
symbolic meaning of a dream
according to freud
Adult dreams can be traced to erotic wishes.
Alcohol
Initial high followed by relaxation and disinhibiton
Depressant
Alcohol, Heroin, Morphine
Stimulants
Cocaine, Meth, Nicotine, ecstasy, marijuana
Meth
Euphoria, alertness, energy. Irritability, insomnia, hypertension, seizures.
Heroin/Morphine
Rush of euphoria, relief from pain. Depression, agonizing withdrawal.
Cocaine
Rush of euphoria, confidence, energy. Cardiovascular stress, suspiciousness, depressive crash
Nicotine
Arousal and relaxation, sense of well being. Heart disease, cancer
Ecstasy
Emotional elevation, disinhibition. Dehydration, overheating, depressed mood, impaired cognitive and immune functioning.
Ecstasy is a
stimulant and has mild hallucination
Marijuana
Enhanced sensation, relief of pain, distortion of time, relaxation. Impaired learning and memory, increased risk of psychological disorders , lung damage from smoke
Marijuana is a
stimulant and has mild hallucination
Tolerance
occurs when a person's reaction to a drug decreases so they need larger and larger doses to have the same effect
psychology dependence
how your mind is accustomed to using the drug.
psychology dependence
an addiction in which the mind sends the body a message that it needs more of a drug.
Physiological dependence
the body withdrawals
physiological dependence
a condition in which the user has a chemical need for a drug.
Franz Gall
Bumps of your skull. It speculated that bumps on your skull determined your abilities, and personality.
Phrenologist
Study skull to assess your personality type
Neurons
nerve cells
Dendrites
are like branches, and receive the neural impulse, receives the message
Cell body/Soma
is the factory of the neuron that produces all the protein for the dendrite
axon
carries the message away from the cell body
myelin sheath
insulates the axon from neural activity
myelin sheath
a layer of fatty tissue encasing a neuron's axon that speeds transmission
Wodes of ranvier
The gaps between the myelin sheath
Synapse
Gap between neurons
sypnatic cleft
sends message without touching
Neurotransmitters
are chemical messages that cross the synaptic cleft between neurons.
acetycholine
enables muscle action, learning, and memory.
abbreviation for ach
acetycholine
A lack of ach has been linked to
alzehmeirs disease
Dopamine
Influences movement, leaning, attention, and emotion
Dopamine is linked to
Schizophrenia. Parkinson's diseases.
Seratonin
affects mood, hunger, sleep and arousal. depressed.
lack of serotonin can cause
depression
Norepinephrine
helps control alertness and arousal
Lack of norepinephrine can cause
depression
Nervous System
the complex internal communication network of the human body; made up of the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Peripheral nervous system
All those nerves that lie outside the brain and spinal cord.
Peripheral nervous system is
AUTONOMIC controls self-regulated action of internal organs and glands
Somatic
controls voluntary movements of skeletal muscles
Autonomic
self-controlling part of the nervous system
Sympathetic
arousing
Parasympathetic
calming
Hormones
are chemicals synthesized by the endocrine glands that are secreted in the bloodstream
Hormones affect
the brain and many other tissues of the body
master gland
Pituitary gland is also called the
Pituitary gland
regulates your growth, has many different hormones.
Pituitary glands release hormones that
affect other glands:
Thyroid gland
This produces hormones that regulate metabolism, body heat, and bone growth.
Thyroid glands affect your
metabolism.
Gonads
Male and female sex glands