group of islands in an expanse of water
land that is fit for farming, fertile
prejudice based on the premise that one's own culture or way of life is superior to all other people cultures or ways of life
one type of people making up a culture
A rich land owner who ruled a great feudal estate
A holder of land under feudal agreements; also a humble servant
Land owned by a lord given to a vassal in return for a service
A man who received honor and land in exchange for serving a lord as a soldier.
a person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord
Code of conduct for knights during the Middle Ages
A large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord.
A body of officials who perform religious services, such as priests, ministers or rabbis.
something considered to have sacred significance
The appointment of bishops and abbots by secular rulers, often in exchange for temporal protection.
religious community where monks live and work.
a strong movement to advance a cause or idea
of the middle ages
the selling of Church offices
The effort by Christian leaders to drive the Muslims out of Spain, lasting from the 1100s until 1492.
church court set up to stamp out heresy