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Chapter 23 World History Terms
Terms in this set (35)
The Political and Social system that existed in France before the French Revolution
- King of France (1774-1792). In 1789 he summoned the Estates-General, but he did not grant the reforms that were demanded and revolution followed. Louis and his queen, Marie Antoinette, were executed in 1793.
An assembly of representatives from all three of the estates, or social classes, in France
Tennis Court Oath
A pledge made by the members of France's National Assembly in 1789, in which they vowed to continue meeting until they had drawn up a new constitution
A French congress with the power to create laws and approve declarations of war, established by the constitution of 1791.
In the French Revolution, a radical group made up of Parisian wage-earners, and small shopkeepers who wanted a greater voice in government, lower prices, and an end of food shortages
A machine for beheading people, used as a means of execution during the French Revolution.
Reign of Terror
. Overthrew French Directory in 1799 and became emperor of the French in 1804. Failed to defeat Great Britain and abdicated in 1814. Returned to power briefly in 1815 but was defeated and died in exile. (p. 591)
A direct vote in which a country's people have the opportunity to approve or reject a proposal
Agreement between Pope and Napoleon: Napoleon recognized Catholocism as the religion of the majority of France, Pope does not ask for any land back seized during the Revolution
Battle of Trafalgar
an 1805 naval battle in which Napoleon's forces were defeated by a British fleet under the command of Horatio Nelson.
Napoleon's policy of preventing trade between Great Britain and continental Europe, intended to destroy Great Britain's economy.
A conflict, lasting from 1808 to 1813, in which Spanish Rebels, with the aid of British forces, fought to drive Napoleons French troops out of Spain.
"to suffer an ultimate, decisive defeat"- In 1815, the Battle of Waterloo was fought near the village of Waterloo, which is now in Belgium. This was the final battle in the Napoleonic wars, the battle in which Napoleon Bonaparte was finally defeated.
Congress of Vienna
(1814-1815 CE) Meeting of representatives of European monarchs called to reestablish the old order after the defeat of Napoleon.
balance of power
distribution of military and economic power that prevents any one nation from becoming too strong
A league of European nations formed by the leaders of Russia, Austria, and Prussia after the Congress of Vienna
France's traditional national assembly with representatives of the three estates, or classes, in French society: the clergy, nobility, and commoners. The calling of the Estates General in 1789 led to the French Revolution.
Queen of France (as wife of Louis XVI) who was unpopular her extravagance and opposition to reform contributed to the overthrow of the monarchy; she was guillotined along with her husband (1755-1793)
3rd estate declaration that it was the only true govt. in france
A wave of senseless panic that spread through the French countryside after the storming of the Bastille in 1789
French nobility who fled country to escape the Revolution
Radical republicans during the French Revolution. They were led by Maximilien Robespierre from 1793 to 1794.
"The incorruptable;" the leader of the bloodiest portion of the French Revolution. He set out to build a republic of virtue.
A sudden overthrow of the government by a small group
french government-run public schools
A comprehensive and uniform system of laws established for France by Napoleon
a war measure that isolates some area of importance to the enemy
a member of an irregular armed force that fights a stronger force by sabotage and harassment
Burning live stock and crops to prevent the enemy from living off the land
The brief period during 1815 when Napoleon made his last bid for power, deposing the French King and again becoming Emperor of France
Klemens von Metternich
This was Austria's foreign minister who wanted a balance of power in an international equilibrium of political and military forces that would discourage aggression
A characterization of elections by political scientists meaning that they are almost universally accepted as a fair and free method of selecting political leaders.
Concert of Europe
A series of alliances among European nations in the 19th century, devised by Prince Klemens von Metternich to prevent the outbreak of revolutions
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