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14 terms

ABA Chapter 8

Applied Behavior Analysis Cooper et al Chapter 8 Reversal and Alternating Treatment Designs
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A-B-A design
an experimental design consisting of an initial baseline phase, an intervention phase, and a return to baseline conditions by withdrawing the independent variable to see whether responding "reverses" to levels observed in the initial baseline phase
A-B-A-B design
An experimental design consisting of an initial baseline phase, an initial intervention phase, a return to baseline condition, and a second intervention phase
alternating treatments design
an experimental design in which two or more conditions are presented in rapidly alternating succession independent of the level of responding
B-A-B design
an experimental design that begins with the treatment condition
DRI/DRA reversal technique
an experimental technique that demonstrates the effects of reinforcement using a differential reinforcement of an incompatible or alternative behavior (DRI/DRA) as a control condition instead of a no-reinforcement condition
DRO reversal technique
an experimental technique for demonstrating the effects of reinforcement by using differential reinforcement of other behavior (DRO) as a control condition instead of a no-reinforcement condition
irreversibility
a situation that occurs when the level of responding observed in a previous phase cannot be reproduced even though the experimental conditions are the same as they were during the earlier phase
multielement design
also knows as alternating treatments design
multiple treatment interference
the effects of one treatment on a subject's behavior being confounding by the influence of another treatment administered in the same study
multiple treatment reversal design
any experimental design that uses the experimental methods and logic of the reversal tactic to compare the effects of two or more experimental conditions to baseline and/or to one another
(NCR) reversal technique
an experimental control technique that demonstrates the effects of reinforcement by using noncontingent reinforcement (NCR) as a control condition instead of a no-reinforcement condition
reversal design
any experimental design in which the researcher attempts to verify the effect of the independent variable by "reversing" responding to a level obtained in a previous condition
sequence effects
the effects on a subject's behavior in a given condition that are the result of the subject's experience with a prior condition
withdrawal design
a term used by some authors as a synonym for A-B-A-B design; also used to describe experiments in which an effective treatment is sequentially or partially withdrawn to promote the maintenance of behavior changes