law passed by Congress that required young men between the ages of 21-30 to register for the military draft
government agency established to ensure there would be adequate food supplies for both the military and civilans
War Industries Board
government agency established to ensure that industry produced the necessary materials to fight the war
Committee on Public Information
government agency established to "sell" the war to the American people through use of propaganda
group of 75,000 men that delivered quick, patriotic speeches to Americans to help "sell" the war
government issued these to help finance the war; Americans loaned the government money by buying these
Espionage Act of 1917 and Sedition Act of 1918
these two laws were passed to eliminate dissent and antiwar sentiment
How did women contribute to the war effort?
On the home front: victory gardens and factory workers
30,000 women volunteered as nurses, office work, telegraph (army, navy, marines)
Describe the diverse makeup of the US military force during the war.
1 in 5 were born in foreign countries (ex. Philippines, Mexico, Italy) and many children were immigrants.
Lots of Native Americans volunteered even though they couldn't be drafted because they weren't US citizens.
How were German-Americans treated during the war?
German-Americans were poorly treated by their peers. There were shunned, harassed and assaulted (ex. tarred and feathered). Schools stopped teaching German.
Describe the expanding role of the government during WW1.
The government worked to make sure the country was ready for war, so they took control of organizing supplies - (industry) and food (agriculture). The gov't also suppressed criticism of the war, (jail = anti-war)
Food Administration- make sure there was enough food for troops and civilians War Industries Board - make sure factories make the right supplies and enough of them. Had lots of power.
Schenck vs. US (1919)
landmark Supreme Court case that ruled freedom of speech could be limited, especially in times of war, if that speech posed a "clear and present danger."