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Terms in this set (195)
What is the process by which specialized cells ingest harmful microoganisms and cellular debris, break them down and expel the harmless remains back into the body
Which of the following pertains to the back of a structure
Which membrane lies opening to the outside of the body
That which is located above or toward the head end is called
Which of the follwing is one of the mechanisms that the skin uses in regulating body temperature
Which is the viscous fluid found in synovial joints, sheaths and bursae
Which of the following is a term used to describe blood cell formation
freely moveable joints are classified as
cone shaped range of motion that occurs when the distal end moves in a circle and proximal end is fixed
What is a skeletal muscle's contractile unit
pia mater, arachnoid, dura mater
What is the proper order of spinal cord meninges from in to out
Which of the followings is the main muscule of respiration
Which photoreceptors will produce color vision
chronic fatigue syndrome
This is a disorder that is charcterized by general fatigue
sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions
The autonomic nervous system is divided into which of the following
to provide immunity against disease
What is the function of the Lymphatic system
protection, waste elimination, vitamin D
What is a function of the Intgumentary system
the hamstrings: biceps femoris; semimembranosis; semitendionsis
Knee flexion if performed by
frozen shoulder; problems w/washing the back of thier hair; shoulder pain and weakness
A patient with rotator cuff syndrome may experince
the sternoclaicular joint is the only bony attachment of the shoulder girdle to the axial skeleton; paralysis of the deltoids can impede meovements of the shoulder girdle
The movement of the shoudler girdle
Forceful repeated contractions of the flexor carpi radialis, flexor capi ulnaris and pronator teres amy result in
middle deltoid and infraspinatus
When reaching behind your head to comb your hair, what muscles are you likely to use
muscles that assist various organ functions throughout the body
What are smooth muscles
the tibial thuberosity via the patellar tendon/ligament
What is the common insertion point for the quadriceps muscles
with rheumatiod arthritis, Swan neck deformities are located in the
inflammation of the tendon
injury to a muscle or tendon
a strain is a
What is the superficial muscle on the anterior part of the neck
What muscle is part of the legs
Where is the pectineus located
Which muscle is not part of the inner thigh muscles
abdominal muscles(rectus abdominus. internal oblique and external oblique); hip extensors(hamstrings and gluteus maximus); psoas muscles(mostly affected)
What muscles are stressed in Lordosis(Swayback)
personal beliefs relating to what is right and wrong
the definition of ethics
Knowledge is power in business. What is the foundation of that knowledge?
lack of discipline; zoning restrictions; family memebers not respecting boundaries; easy distractions
Having a home-based business can be convenient; however, some disadvantages can include:
show your locations conforms w/area plans and has adequate parking
The purpose of a planning and zoning permit is to:
Choose one of the disadvantages of being self-employed:
When giving gifts to clients, the maximum amount you can declare per year per client is:
It increase your client base
t's in your best interest to have gift certificates redeemed because:
How long should copies of tax returns be kept?
When they have achieved measurable results
When are clients are most likely to refer others to you?
the point at which sales and costs are equal
The most common means of self-sabotage for someone who owns a small business is:
between 4-20 seconds
How much time do you have to make a first impression?
What percentage of clients will not return if unhappy with any aspect of your service?
What are the initials if you are nationally board certified?
What are the three things in a wellness model: Mind, Body and
Clarifying your business's purpose, stating a mission, setting goals, and determining priorities is called:
A short, general statement of the business's main focus is called a/an:
A business that has one owner is called a:
in a good location; well established; reputable
When buying an established business, make sure it is:
The insurance that covers costs of injuries occurring on your property and any resulting litigation is called:
A ledger that separates and classifies every business expenditure is called a/an:
All of the following are business expenses except
The marketing activity done in return for direct payment is called:
The best and least expensive way to create new business is through:
Social Security and unemployment compensation are two regulations of the:
Sales taxes, licenses, and worker's compensation are required by the:
LLC members can determine thier own allocation of profits and losses
An advantage to operating a business as a limited liability company (LLC) rather than as a corporation is:
A reasonable amount based on the work that you do
If you operate your business as an S corporation, you must take as a salary:
this is a photo of what pathology
Inflammation:usually due to bacterial infection of peritoneal lining of the abdomen is called
weakness or paralysis of the muscles that control expression. Result in a droopy appearance of the face. doctors prescribe medication
This is a non-contagious, non-spreading chronic skin desease with occasional acute episodes
This is a autoimmune diease in which cynovial membranes, particularly of the joints in the hands and feet, are attacked by the immune system agents. Other structures, such as muscles, tendons and blood vessels may be affected
Lower leg problems involving some combination of an injury to the anterior or posterior tibialis and possible hairline fractures of the tibia. These are usually brought about by overuse or misalignment in the ankle
tempromandibular joint disorder
This arises when a constant strain, stress and malocclusion of the jaw lead to arthritis, inflammation and dislocation of the tempromandibular joint
Damage to the myocardium caused by clot or plaque fragment getting lodged somewhere in a a coronary artery, or atherosclerosis so complete that it deprives the cardiac muscle of oxygen is also known as
This is chronic inflammation of the bladder, involving scar tissue, stiffening, decreased capacity, bleeding and sometimes ulcers in the bladder walls
Progressive arthritis of the spine may lead to
Permanently shortened muscles of muscle gruops that are surrounded by thick, contracted fascia
because of thr decending aorta
Why must a therapist be concerned with putting to much pressure on the linea alba
in the medial thigh region
Where is the femoral triangle located
What is the direction in which pressure should be applie when working on the extremities
contraindication in which massage is inappropriate is, not advised, and may be harmful to the client
rapid shaking, quvering, trembling applied w/the fingertips
range of motion
Whicch of the following best describes movement around a joint or sets of joints
Recumbent position preferred for pregnancy, for some elderly people, in cases of recent surgeries, as well as for various other conditions is called
repetitive staccato striking movements of the therapist hands on the client's skin: Which of the following aids in decongesting the lungs by lossening and mobilizing phlegm in the respiratory tract
32F to 124 degrees F
going beyond which water temperature range can cause tissue damage
active resisted movements
therapist applied gentle resistance while client client is actively engaged in a movement
contraindications in which massage can be administered while avoiding the infected area or the area in question
During the application of cold, cycles of vasoconstriection and vasodialation occur. This up-and-down cycle is known as what
Which of the following describes heat and cold combined in the same treatment?
The best stroke for promoting proper scar formation is
gliding movements that are repeated and follow the contour of the client's body
Anemia also contributes to what other common complaint in pregnant women
the presence of a disease or physical condition that makes treating a particular client in the usual manner impossible or undesirable
Code of ethics
set of guiding moral principles that members of particular professions are expected to follow
the proper use of postural techniques to deliver massage therapy/ the utmost efficiency and least amount of trauma to the therapist
a physiological response caused by stimulated nerves
a systematic and scientific manipulation of soft tissues of the body for the purpose of obtaining or maintaining health
areas of the body that contain superficial delicate structures that are relatively unprotected and are therefore prone to injury
Drawing out a single muscle(and its synergists) to its fullest length is called
entering the room before the client is completely draped or dressed
Which of the following would be considered sexual misconduct
awareness,clarity, appropriateness, flexibility and adaptability
Which of the following is a characteristic of a healthy boundary
telling a thrid party that someone is a client
The following would be a breach of client confidentiality
Standards of practice
A list of standards to assist the professional in making good decisions while conducting day to day responsibilities within his or her scope of practice.
This is mandatory process to be completed to engage in an occupation that would otherwise be considered unlawful.
This is unintentional physical or emotional harm that the client sustains resulting from lack of knowledge or insensitivity on the therapist behalf.
This is a sensual bond to another that involves choice, mutuality, reciprocity, trust and delight.
This is the duty of all massage therapists and provides nondisclosure of privileged information.
Standards of practice
a list of standards to assist the professional in making good decisions while conducting day-to-day responsibilities within his or her scope of practice.
What, based on Hinduism, is the science of health and medicine designed to maintain or improve health through the use of dietary modification, massage, yoga, herbal preparations and other measures
Which muscle(s) would be chronically tight with a client presenting with bruxism?
Rounded shoulders (medial rotation of the humerus) would lead you treat which muscle?
What would the presence of foreward head posture contribute to over time.
A hypertonic pectoralis major can mimic symptoms of what condition.
What is the area on the SOAP note chart that the therapist puts the data that is taken from palpation.
What is the area on the SOAP note chart that the therapist indicates the treatments goals to define the intention of their massage choices.
What is the area on the SOAP note chart that the therapist indicates what areas the client wants massaged and what areas that they do not want massaged.
A client comes to your office with a laterally displaced patella. You would work which of these muscles
Tension in the posterior calf and plantar fascia will contribute to which chronic condition.
Shin splints could be caused by chronic tension in which of the following muscle.
A horitonzal and bilateral pain pattern across the lower back could be a trigger point referral from what muscle.
Pain in the arch of the foot is a common referral pattern of which muscle?
An inversion ankle sprain will commonly injure which ligament?
Hypertonicity in this muscle may create Achilles tendonitis.
When short locked, this structure contributes to knee instability
For a high medial arch(supination), which muscle would you treat?
With a client that has a lateral rotation of the femur, which of the muscles would you treat.
Olecranon process of the ulna
Which is the common insertion for the triceps brachii.
Abduction and medial rotation
What is the common action of the glute medius and minimus muscles.
Which muscle has the capacity to entrap the sciatic nerve.
Tsubos are meridian points used in which modality?
Per Henrik Ling
Who is considered the Father of Swedish Massage and Physical Therapy?
This modality was popularized in the North America by Eunice Ingham and is basically energy work on the feet using a map or zones that correspond to different parts of the body?
Who was the person responsible for the French terminology used in Swedish Massage?
Dr Mikao Usui
Who is considered the founder of Reiki.
Dr Robert Ward
Who is considered the founder of Myofascial release?
This considered the limits we establish between others and ourselves with regard to various aspects of our lives.
relationships that exist in addition to the therapeutic relationship.
the unconscious tendency of the client to assign to others feelings and attitudes associated with significant people in his or her early life.
an emotional reaction of the therapist that reflects the therapist's inner needs and conflicts.
a condition of being whole and undivided.
autoimmune disease of connective tissues:massage contraindicated suring flare-ups
Temporary cessation of breathing
Control breathing rhythm; Influenced by carbon dioxide in blood
Chronic, inflammatory disorder; • Smooth muscles of smaller bronchi & bronchioles spasm to close
Over-inflation & destruction of alveoli producing abnormally large air spaces that remain filled with air during expiration
• Infection of inflammation of the alveoli caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae, but maybe caused by protozoans, viruses and fungi
cancer of the lymph nodes: physicians clearance
chronic fatigue syndrome
disabling fatigue: shorter duration of massage if client is fatigued
lack of oxygen locally or systemically
fingerlike projection on the plicae circulars in the small intestine
largest lyphactic organ
inadequate oxygen @cellular level
only artery carries deoxygenated blood
the first section of the small intestine
intermediate portion of the small intestine
throat: bolus from oral cavity to esophagus
coronary artery disease
narrowing of the small blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart.
lymphatic sac at the beginning of the thoracic duct between the abdominal aorta and L2
runs longitudinally (vertically) median plane
plane passing thru the body parallel to the median plane
(coronal plane) plane passing thru the body from side-to-side, creating snterior and posterior sections
(horizontal plane)plane passing thru the bosy creating superior and inferior sections
high to low
low to high pure solvent
constancy of the body's internal environment representing a relatively stable condition within a very limited range
ability of muscle fibers to lengthen
ability to respond to a stimulus
ability of muscle fibers to shorten
sudden muscle movement
(skull, vertebrae, sternum, ribs)
(arms, legs, and girdles)
extension of the angle so that the toes are pointing downward
flexing the ankle dorsally so that the toes are moving toward the shin
elevation of the medial edge of the foot so that the sole is turned inward
elevation of the lateral edge of the foot so that the sole is turned outward
fluid of lymphatic system
moves in one direction-toward subclavian veins: move only thru pressure
drains lymph from the rest of the body into the left subclavian vein
right lymphatic ducts
rains lymph from right arm and right side of head and right thorax to right subclavian vein
energy points along energy lines called meridians(Japan)
outer layer of skin that contains pigment cells called melanocytes
the pouchlike structures in the skin from which hair grows
used for structural support of the PNS are delicate neurons, and are only found surrounding neuron cells bodies within ganglia
neurolemmocytes, form a myelin sheath that surrounds only axons in the PNS
basic contractile unit of muscle fiber
the cell membrane
groups of muscle fibers
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is group of pulmonary disorders characterized by persistent or recurring obstruction of airflow
wraps around entire muscle
wraps around muscle fibers
each muscle fiber
efferent) moves out
afferent) moves in
A ledger that separates and classifies every business expenditure is called
produces blood cells in the red marrow of long bones
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