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History Vocabulary - Chapter 7

Vocabulary words to study from chapter 7 on Ancient Rome
STUDY
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Mauryan Empire
The first state to unify most of the Indian subcontinent. It was founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 324 B.C.E. and survived until 184 B.C.E. From its capital at Pataliputra in the Ganges Valley it grew wealthy from taxes. (184)
Asoka
Grandson of Chandragupta; most honored emperor for his commitment to spreading peace and prosperity to all; was Buddhist but accepted other religions; decline came after his death
Religious Toleration
Acceptance of religious differences
Tamil
The Dravidian language spoken since prehistoric times by the Tamil people in southern India and Sri Lanka
Gupta Empire
Golden Age of India; ruled through central government but allowed village power; restored Hinduism
Patriarchal
Relating to a society in which men hold the greatest legal and moral authority
Matriarchal
Relating to a social system in which the mother is head of the family
Mahayana
People who accepted the new doctrines that the Buddhists had
Theravada
People who held to the Buddha's stricter, original teachings
Stupas
Mounded stone structures built over holy relics
Silk Roads
A system of ancient caravan routes across Central Asia, along which traders carried silk and other trade goods.
Han Dynasty
The dynasty that ruled China for more than 100 years; divided into two periods - each lasting two centuries.
Centralized Government
A government in which a central authority controls the running of a state.
Civil Service
Government workers; 18 ranks of jobs
Monopoly
Exclusive control or possession of something
Assimilation
The process of making conquered peoples part of Chinese culture.
Brahma
A Hindu god considered the creator of the world.
Vishnu
A Hindu god considered the preserver of the world
Shiva
A Hindu god considered the destroyer of the world.
Kalidasa
one of India's greatest writers. Might have been court poet for Chandra Gupta II. Famous play - Shakuntala - girl who falls in love w/ and marries a King.