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11 terms

23.1: Functions of the Urinary System

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2 Kidneys, 2 Ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
The urinary system consists of what six organs?
Filter out wastes; regulate blood volume, pressure, osmolarity; secrete renin, erythropoietin
What are the functions of the kidneys?
metabolic waste
A waste substance produced by the body is referred to as:
Nitrogenous wastes
What are the most toxic of our metabolic wastes?
Urea, ammonia, uric acid, creatinine
What are four types of nitrogenous wastes in the urine?
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
The level of nitrogenous waste in the blood is referred to as:
Azotemia
An elevated Blood Urea Nitrogen is called ............ and may indicate renal insufficiency.
Uremia
A syndrome of diarrhea, vomiting, dyspnea, and cardiac arrhythmia stemming from the toxicity of the nitrogenous wastes:
Excretion
The process of separating wastes from the body fluids and eliminating them is referred to as:
Respiratory system, integumentary system, digestive system, urinary system
What four organ systems carry out the process of excretion?
Retroperitoneal
The kidneys are situated behind the wall of the peritonium meaning it is called: