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Terms in this set (20)
So, So much
Of such size, so great
Tantus -a -um
So, So much
Such, so great
To such a degree, precisely
Impero (to order), mando (to command), persuadeo (to persudae)
Indirect command words that take dative
Moneo (to warn), oro (to beg), rogo (to ask)
Indirect Command words that take accusative
Peto (to beg), postulo (to demand), quaero (to ask)
Indirect command words that take Ablative with preposition
1. purpose clauses (adverbial and relative)
2. Indirect command
3. Result clause
4. Fear clause
Subjunctive ut clauses
1. Purpose clauses 2. Indirect commands (like I asked him to...)
Clauses that translate 'ut' as a 'in order to/to'
1. result clauses (I ran so fast that he did not catch me) 2. fear clauses (he fears that he may lose the money)
Clauses that translate 'ut' as 'that'
- Indirect questions - Hortatory subjunctive - cum clauses
Forms that don't use 'ut'
- The Gerund is a verbal noun
- In other words: it looks like a verb, but acts like a noun
- when positive use 'ne' and when negative use 'ut'!
What makes fear clauses weird?
What is it?
- The Ablative Absolute is a formation using a noun in the ablative followed by a participle in the ablative
1. With the noun 'verb'-ing
2. With the noun 'having been verbed'
3. With the noun 'being about to' verb
4. With the noun 'as' another noun
1. Is formed by an ablative noun + the ablative present active participle
ex. Caesere (the ablative noun) + ducende (the ablative present active participle
= With Caeser leading
*This is TIME SIMOULTANEOUS
2. Is formed by an ablative noun + the ablative perfect passive participle
ex. Caesere (the ablative noun) + Ducto (the ablative perfect passive participle)
= With Caeser having been led
* This is time BEFORE
3. Is formed by an ablative noun + the ablative future active participle
ex. Caesere (the ablative noun) + Ducturo (the ablative future active participle) = With caeser being about to lead
4. OKAY THIS IS A LITTLE DIFFERENT, READY?
Ablative noun + ADD the verb 'to be' (it does not exist in writing) + ablative noun
Ex. Caesere (shh.. the verb 'to be' is here too) Duce = with caeser as leader
- A verbal adjective - Declines with -ndus -nda -ndum
The Optative (opto -are) is used for a future wish capable of fulfillment,
introduced by utinam or ut (negative utinam ne or ne):
Utinam veniat! Would that he may come!
Utinam ne veniat! Would that he may not come!
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