Terms in this set (47)
Refers to the actual arrangement of durations-long and short notes-in a particular melody or some other musical passage. The most general sense refers to the entire time aspect of music
Provide the basic unit of measurement for time in music-if ordinary clock time is measured in seconds, musical time is measured in beats. A regular recurrence of short pulses.
The stressing of a note
Any recurring pattern of strong and weak beats, such as the one two and one two three we have referred to above, is called a meter. Meter is a strong/weak pattern repeated again and again.
Measure or bar
Each repeated occurrence of this repeated pattern, consisting of a principle strong beat and one or more weaker beats, is called a measure or bar.
Simple meter/Compound meters
When the main beats are divided in twos, the meter is called a simple meter. Diving the main beats in threes creates compound meters with two or three main beats and six or nine quicker ones
In syncopation, as it is called,accents can be displaced so they go one two/one two (weak strong/weak strong)
The term for the speed of music is tempo; in metrical music, the tempo is the rate at which the basic, regular beats of the meter follow one another
Tempo can be expressed exactly and measured by the metronome, a mechanical or electrical device that tricks out beats at any desired tempo
The scientific term for the rate of sound vibration is frequency.
The musical term for this quality of sound, which is recognized so instinctively, is pitch. Low pitches result from long vibrating elements, high pitches from short ones. The quality of "highness" or "lowness" of sound
The level of strength of sound vibrations-more precisely, the amount of energy they contain and convey
Level of sound, the volume of sound, the loudness or softness of a musical passage
Pp, p, mp, mf, f, ff
Forte and piano
The main categories are simply loud and soft, forte and piano
Tone color (Timbre)
The sonorous quality of a particular instrument, voice, or combination of instruments and voices. quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument or voice from another
Any two pitches will have a certain distance, or difference in highness and lowness. Musicians call this distance an interval
a rhythmic group of eight lines of verse
The set of seven pitches represented by the white notes of the piano, within one octave
All twelve tones of an octive (black and white keys on the piano). All tones are a half step apart.
The smallest interval is the half step-which is the distance between any two successive notes of the chromatic scale
A melody is an organized series of pitches. Melodies can be built from any scale. The aspect of music having to do with the succession of pitches
A motive is a distinctive fragment of melody-easily recognized
The most general term for the basic subject matter of longer pieces of music. Theme is another name for "topic"
Tunes fall naturally into smaller sections, called phrases
Such duplication of a phrase at two or more different pitch levels, called sequence, occurs frequently in music
The simultaneous sounding of different pitches
A grouping of pitches played and heard simultaneously
The blend of the various sounds and melodic lines occurring simultaneously in a piece of music
A musical texture involving a single melodic line
A musical texture that involves only one melody of real interest, combined with chords
Musical texture in which two or more melodic lines are played or sung simultaneously
lines written above or below the staff representing a continuation of the staff, used to indicate pitches above or below the staff
A sound of a certain definite pitch and duration or a the written sign for such a sound in musical notation
In musical notation, the group of five horizontal lines on which music is written
In musical notation, a sign # indicating that the note it precedes is to be played a half step higher.
A sign at the beginning of the staff indicating the pitches of the lines and spaces
The notes or chords ending a section of music with a feeling of conclusiveness
A note followed by a dot has its normal duration increased by half
A curved line joining two notes of the same pitch into a continuous sound
The free treatment of meter in performance
Playing in a smooth, connected manner
A vertical line through the staffs to mark the measure
A fairly slow tempo