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American History Midterm

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One argument against annexing Texas to the United States was that the annexation
might give more power to the supporters of slavery.
Texas was annexed to the United States as a result of
President Tyler's desire to help his troubled administration.
Arrange in chronological order the United States' acquisition of Oregon, Texas, and California
Texas, Oregon, California
The area in dispute between the United States and Great Britain in 1845 lay between
the Columbia River, the forty-ninth parallel, and the Pacific Ocean.
In the 1840s, the view that God had ordained the growth of an American nation stretching across North American was called
Manifest Destiny.
In the Oregon treaty with Britain in 1846, the northern boundary of the United States was established to the Pacific Ocean along the line of
49*.
One reason that the British government decided to compromise on the Oregon Country border was
the fear of war with the United States.
In his quest for California, President James K. Polk
first advocated buying the area from Mexico.
President Polk's claim that "American blood (had been shed) on the American soil" referred to news of an armed clash between Mexican and American troops near
the Rio Grande.
When the war with Mexico began, President James K. Polk
hoped to fight a limited war, ending with the conquest of California.
The terms of the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo ending the Mexican War included
United States payment of $15 million for the cession of northern Mexico.
Those people most opposed to President James K. Polk's expansionist program were the
antislavery forces.
The Wilmot Proviso, introduced into Congress during the Mexican War, declared that
slavery would be banned from all territories that Mexico ceded to the United States.
The largest single addition to American territory was
the Mexican Cession.
The first Old World Europeans to come to California were
Spanish.
The United States' victory in the Mexican War resulted in
renewed controversy over the issue of extending slavery into the territories, a possible split in the Whig and Democrat parties over slavery, the cession by Mexico of an enormous amount of land to the United States, a rush of settlers to the new American territory in California
The Wilmot Proviso, if adopted, would have
prohibited slavery in any territory acquired in the Mexican War.
The debate over slavery in the Mexican Cession
threatened to split national politics along North-South lines.
According to the principle of "popular sovereignty", the question of slavery in the territories would be determined by
the vote of the people in any given territory.
The public liked popular sovereignty because it
fit in the democratic tradition of self-determination.
The event that brought turmoil to the administration of Zachary Taylor was the
discovery of gold in California.
Harriet Tubman gained fame
by helping slaves escape to Canada.
In the Compromise of 1850, Congress determined that slavery in the New Mexico and Utah territories was
to be decided by popular sovereignty.
The most alarming aspect of the Compromise of 1850 to northerners was the decision concerning
the new Fugitive Slave Law.
The Fugitive Slave Law included all of the following provisions except
the requirement that fugitive slaves be returned from Canada.
Stephen A. Douglas proposed that the question of slavery in the Kansas-Nebraska territory be decided by
popular sovereignty.
Stephen A. Douglas's plans for deciding the slavery question in the Kansas-Nebraska scheme required the appeal of the
Missouri Compromise.
One of Stephen Douglas's mistakes in proposing the Kansas-Nebraska Act was
underestimating the depth of northern opposition to the spread of slavery.
Confederate batteries (artillery) fired on Fort Sumter when it was learned that
Lincoln had sent supplies to the fort.
Many Northerners were willing to allow Southern states to leave the Union until
the South attacked Fort Sumter.
As the Civil War began, the South seemed to have the advantage of
more talented military leaders.
The greatest weakness of the South during the Civil War was its
economy.
The South believed that the British would come to its aid because
Britain was dependent on Southern cotton.
To fill the army's demand for troops, the North relied mainly on
volunteers.
As a result of the Civil War, the Northern economy
emerged more prosperous than ever before.
States that joined the Confederacy after the firing on Fort Sumter included
Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Arkansas
Border States that remained loyal to the Union included
Kentucky, Missouri, Maryland, Delaware
Northern advantages at the outset of the Civil War included
control of the seas, more banks, factories, railroads, and people
President Lincoln's loose interpretation of civil liberties during the Civil War
resulted in the suspension of the privilege of habeas corpus, led to the arrest of several critical newspaper editors, and was defended by him as necessary to save the Union
To help pay for the Civil War, both the North and South
raised taxes, printed paper currency, and sold bonds
Arrange the following in chronological order: the Battle of Bull Run, the Battle of Gettysburg, Lee's surrender at Appomattox, the Battle of Antietam
the Battle of Bull Run, the Battle of Antietam, the Battle of Gettysburg, Lee's surrender at Appomattox
The Union's defeat in battle of Bull Run in 1861 was better than a victory because
the defeat caused Northerners to face up to the reality of a long, difficult war.
George B. McClellan is best described as
cautious.
The two major battles of the Civil War fought on the Union soil were
Gettysburg and Antietam.
The North's "victory" at Antietam allowed President Lincoln to
issue the Emancipation Proclamation.
Slavery was legally abolished in the United States by the
Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution.
The Emancipation Proclamation had the effect of
strengthening the moral cause and diplomatic position of the Union.
When it was issued in 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation declared free only those slaves in
states still in rebellion against the United States.
The Battle of Gettysburg was significant because
Union victory meant that the Southern cause was doomed.
The Civil War resulted in
expanded federal powers of taxation, the end of nullification and secession, the creation of the first federal social welfare agency, and the end of slavery.
The main reason the Republicans lost the 1856 elections was
Southern threats that a Republican victory would be a declaration of war.
In ruling on the Dred Scott case, the United States Supreme Court hoped the issue of slavery
would lay to rest.
The decision rendered in the Dred Scott case was applauded by
proslavery southerners.
Arrange in chronological order: Dred Scott Decision, Lincoln-Douglas Debates, Kansas Nebraska Act, Harpers Ferry Raid
Kansas Nebraska Act, Dred Scott Case, Lincoln-Douglas Debates, Harpers Ferry Raid
For a majority of northerners, the most outrageous part of the Supreme Court's ruling in the Dred Scott case was
that Congress never had the power to prohibit slavery.
John Brown's intent with his raid on Harpers Ferry was
to forment a slave rebellion.
The South concluded after John Brown's raid that
the North was dominated by "Brown-loving" Republicans.
Match:
A.Abraham Lincoln B.Stephen Douglas
C. John Breckenridge D. John Bell
1.Extend slavery into the territories
2.Ban slavery from the territories
3.Preserve the Union by compromise
4. Enforce popular sovereignty
A2, B4, C1, D3
The people in South Carolina reacted to Abraham Lincoln's win in the 1860 election by
rejoicing because it gave them an excuse to secede.
"Lame Duck" President James Buchanan believed about southern states seceding from the Union
that the Constitution did not authorize him to force them to stay in the Union.
The main reasons the secessionists supported leaving the Union were
they believed the north would not oppose their departure, they were dismayed by the success of the republican party, the political balance seemed to be tipping against them, and they were tired of abolitionists attacks.
The four main points the Supreme Court ruled in the Dred Scott case in 1857 were
Dred Scott was not a citizen, he couldn't legally sue in federal court, Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional, and Congress had no power to ban slavery from a territory.
Before his nomination in 1860, Abraham Lincoln held, or attempted to become
a state legislator, U.S. congressman from Illinois, and a failed candidate for the U.S. Senate.