22 terms

Communications Ch 1 and 2 Quiz

traveling teachers who preached about education, rhetoric and speaking
speaking was a linear process (only the speaker speaks), but the audience is engaged and passive
important to know all sides of an argument
formed 1st Greek school, idea was to know a little about a lot of things rather than a lot about a few things
thought words were manipulative, and thought education should be based on philosophy
3 ways to gain knowledge: experiential (experience), episteme (basic understanding of world), and intermediate (intuition/sense)
Modes of Persuasion
Ethos: credibility
Pathos: emotion
Logos: logic
Artistic Proof vs. Inartistic Proof
A = creative, artistic
I = factual
Virtues of Style
Clarity: understanding, clear
Correctness: accuracy
Propriety: moral and just
Cicero's 5 Parts of Speech
1. Invention: create argument
2. Arrangement: outline
3. Style: word choice
4. Delivery: verbally address speech
5. Memory: ability to recall information
thought close tie b/w civic engagement and public speaking
Linear Model vs. Transactional Model
speaker --->--->---> audience
speaker <---------> audience
Four Types of Fear of Public Speaking
Rejection, Criticism, Judgement, Failure
Communication Apprehension
fear or anxiety associated w/ real or anticipated communication
want a moderate level of anxiety (adrenaline)
Influences: size of audience, unfamiliar w/ audience
Spotlight Syndrome
fear of people looking upon you
Ways to help w/ speech anxiety
positive visualization, deep breaths
Hearing vs. Listening
Hearing: in one ear, out the other
Listening: engaged and active, comprehending
Socratic Questioning
push people through series of questions to ultimately find an eventual answer (push and push)
3 Purposes for Listening
For application, to criticize, and to comprehend
3 Distractions
biological, environmental and hecklers
using emotions to provoke a person towards an argument
4 Types of Non-Listening
pseudolistening, glazing over, ambushing and prejudging