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22 terms

Communications Ch 1 and 2 Quiz

STUDY
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Sophists
traveling teachers who preached about education, rhetoric and speaking
Gorgias
speaking was a linear process (only the speaker speaks), but the audience is engaged and passive
Protagoras
important to know all sides of an argument
Isocrates
formed 1st Greek school, idea was to know a little about a lot of things rather than a lot about a few things
Plato
thought words were manipulative, and thought education should be based on philosophy
Aristotle
3 ways to gain knowledge: experiential (experience), episteme (basic understanding of world), and intermediate (intuition/sense)
Modes of Persuasion
Ethos: credibility
Pathos: emotion
Logos: logic
Artistic Proof vs. Inartistic Proof
A = creative, artistic
I = factual
Virtues of Style
Clarity: understanding, clear
Correctness: accuracy
Propriety: moral and just
Cicero's 5 Parts of Speech
1. Invention: create argument
2. Arrangement: outline
3. Style: word choice
4. Delivery: verbally address speech
5. Memory: ability to recall information
Quintilian
thought close tie b/w civic engagement and public speaking
Linear Model vs. Transactional Model
speaker --->--->---> audience
speaker <---------> audience
Four Types of Fear of Public Speaking
Rejection, Criticism, Judgement, Failure
Communication Apprehension
fear or anxiety associated w/ real or anticipated communication
want a moderate level of anxiety (adrenaline)
Influences: size of audience, unfamiliar w/ audience
Spotlight Syndrome
fear of people looking upon you
Ways to help w/ speech anxiety
positive visualization, deep breaths
Hearing vs. Listening
Hearing: in one ear, out the other
Listening: engaged and active, comprehending
Socratic Questioning
push people through series of questions to ultimately find an eventual answer (push and push)
3 Purposes for Listening
For application, to criticize, and to comprehend
3 Distractions
biological, environmental and hecklers
Demagogery
using emotions to provoke a person towards an argument
4 Types of Non-Listening
pseudolistening, glazing over, ambushing and prejudging