HUF Humanities Rome Test
Terms in this set (38)
The Legendary founding of Rome is
The romans were above all a _________ people, interested chiefly what was useful, not what was aesthetic
Early Rome was a minor city-state founded by herdsmen and farmers on 7 low hills beside the __________ river in central Italy
The Roman society never ceased to honor their ________ roots.
The sanctity of the ________ was an important Roman value
The ____________ exercised legal power of life and death over the household
Roman religion was a part of family life; each household kept an undying fire on its hearth, symbolic of the goddess ________.
The Romans were most influenced by the Greeks and the __________.
Roman language in writing adapted the _______ alphabet
The ______________ which originated among the artist and intellectual Greeks, were adapted, preserved, and transmitted by the Romans.
The Roman civilization won the battle, but the ________ civilization won the war.
During the age of kings the Roman _________ helped select a ruler. This became a model for government under the republic.
The governing system of the Republic of Rome is unsurpassed in western history; it was based on a system of _________ and separation of power.
One of the major domestic crises of the Early Republic 509-267 B.C. was between the __________ and the ___________.
Patricians and Plebians
What did Rome permit its conquered people to continue? (2 answers)
Religious practices and self government
The conquered people could provide _______ instead of paying taxes to the Roman military and Roman republic
During the middle republic 264-133 B.C., the ____________ challenged the Roman military
Who was the most fearsome opponent ruler during the Punic wars?
During the Late Republic 133-31 B.C., a civil war broke out between the __________ and the ___________.
Equites and Senators (patrician and plebian)
What was the name given to the practice done to lobby votes (and win the favor of) the public in Rome?
Bread and ciruses
Except for Alexander the Great, no other western ruler has generated such praise or blame. Who is he?
The accession to power by Octavian Augustus in 31 B.C. marked the beginning of unprecedented tranquility and economic growth. This period of time was called the _______________.
Augustus Caesar means _____________.
How many rulers changed (murdered, died, dethroned) in the 50 years preceding the emperor Diocletian
Name one of the problems facing the roman military in the 3rd century A.D. One was the military pay was draining the treasury.
More soldiers were needed to protect the boundaries
Name one of the demographic phenomena of the 3rd century A.D. One was that the urban dwellers that remained in the cities expected the "bread and cirrcuses" treatment of the past
Many people fled to the countryside to avoid paying high taxes
What religious group failed to enroll in the military due to their religious beliefs?
What were Diocletian's major reforms? One was dividing the empire into two separate governing areas. Another was subdivision into four prefectures and each prefecture into diocese.
The separate parts were divided into tetrarchies with an Augustus supported by a Caesar
The prefectures were Italy, Illyricum, the East, and __________.
In the 3rd-4th centuries, how does the role of women change?
Wealthy women are included in the state census so they could be taxed
When did the "great persecution" of the Christians take place?
When did the "great persecution" end?
When was the toleration of the Christians instituted and what was the name of this document?
313 A.D., Edict of Milan
What happened to Rome as the empire's capital changed during the reign of Constantine?
On the site of ancient Byzantium, Constantinople was built, and considered a fully Christian city
When and which emperor ignored the rights of Christians?
379-395 A.D., Theodosius
Who sacked Rome in 410 A.D.?
What happened to the major cities at the fall of Rome?
Estates evolved into feudal communities
What happens to Rome in 476 A.D.?
Odaocer, a german ruler, defeats the Roman army and sacks Rome