TFM Exam Study Guide 1
Terms in this set (52)
An association, connection, or inference that a viewer makes on the basis of the given (explicit) meaning conveyed by the story and form of a film. closest to our everyday sense of the word
Everything that a movie presents on its surface.
How does explicit meaning relate to juno
The movie's about a rebellious but smart sixteen-year-old girl who gets pregnant and resolves to tackle the problem head on. At first, she decides to get an abortion; but after she backs off that choice, she gets the idea to find a couple to adopt the kid after it's born. She spends the rest of the movie dealing with the implications of that choice.
How does implicit meaning relate to juno
"A teenager faced with a difficult decision makes a bold leap toward adulthood but, in doing so, discovers that the world of adults is no less uncertain or overwhelming than adolescence."
Film analysis that examines how a scene or sequence uses formal elements—narrative, mise-en-scène, cinematography, editing, sound, and so on—to convey story, mood, and meaning.
How does formal analysis differ from other
types of analyses that explore the relationship between culture and movies?
The movie meaning expressed through form ranges from narrative information as straightforward as where and when a particular scene takes place to more subtle implied meaning, such as mood, tone, significance, or what a character is thinking or feeling. You have to analyze the movie basically vs other anyalses are just more straight forward.
What do we mean when we describe cinematic language as "invisible"?
early filmmaking pioneers created a film grammar (or cinematic language) that draws upon the way we automatically interpret visual information in our real lives, thus allowing audiences to absorb movie meaning intuitively and instantly. Basically all the tricks that directors use the audiences brains pick up on it without even having to think about it. Like when the director uses different angles like when Juno is riding the bike at the end our brain autmatically sees her as triumphant just the way the camera is postioned but we didnt have to think about it super hard.
What are some of the reasons why cinematic language is invisible?
Becuase our brains pick up messges and ideas autmatically by just seeing things like when you see a sun you automatically think happy or a stormy cloud you think sad.
Wha do we mean by cultural invisibility?
The same commercial instinct that inspires filmmakers to use seamless continuity also compels them to favor stories and themes that reinforce viewers' shared belief systems. After all, the film industry, for the most part, seeks to entertain, not to provoke, its customers. A key to entertaining the customers is to give them what they want
How cultural invisibility different from cinematic
Cultural invisibality is making movies that your audiences are gonna like because it confirms there cutlrual beliefs while cinematic invisability is when the audiences automatiacally pick up ideas or messages about the movie just by the way the director shoots the movie.
One uninterrupted run of the camera. A shot can be as short or as long as the director wants, but it cannot exceed the length of the film stock in the camera.
A direct change from one shot to another; that is, the precise point at which shot A ends and shot B begins; one result of cutting. (page 5)
The process by which the editor combines and coordinates individual shots into a cinematic whole; the basic creative force of cinema. (page 5)
A shot that often shows a part of the body filling the frame—traditionally a face, but possibly a hand, eye, or mouth. (page 5)
Fade in / Fade Out
Transitional devices in which a shot fades in from a black field on black-and-white film or from a color field on color film, or fades out to a black field (or a color field).
Low Angle Shot
Also known as low shot. A shot that is made with the camera below the action and that typically places the observer in a position of inferiority.
Cutting on Action
Also known as match-on-action cut. A continuity editing technique that smoothes the transition between shots portraying a single action from different camera angles. The editor ends the first shot in the middle of a continuing action and begins the subsequent shot at approximately the same point in the matching action.
The primary character whose pursuit of the goal provides the structural foundation of a movie's story.
A recurring visual, sound, or narrative element that imparts meaning or significance.
The means by which a subject is expressed. For movies, it is pictures and sound; and so on.
The subject of an artwork.
What is the difference between form and content? And why do works of art need both?
Content provides something to express; form supplies the methods and techniques necessary to present it to the audience.
In what ways do movies use patterns to convey meaning?
Parrallel Editing, Breaking Patterns for dramatic effect.
How do they
create meaning by breaking an established pattern?
By breaking a pattern this signals a change in the movie or compare and contrasting a event or idea. Silence of the lambs when theres a pattern of shots of FBI agnets storming the house and buffalo bill in the house the shots go back and forth we assume that the fbi agents are at his house but by breaking the pattern with agent sterling opening the door we see that the fbi agnets are at the wrong house.
What are the three fundamental principles of film form?
An Illusion of Movement
Manipulation of Space & Time in Unique Ways
How do movies create an illusion of movement?
A quick succession of twenty-four individual still photographs per second. And as the projector moves one of these images out of the frame to bring the next one in, the screen goes dark.
Persistence of vision
Critical flicker fusion
How do movies manipulate space?
The key to the unique power of movies to manipulate our sense of space is the motion-picture camera, particularly its lens. We identify with this lens, for it determines our perception of cinematic space. We only see what the camera lets us see so directors use different lenses to tell there stories because all we see is through there lenses.
How do movies manipulate time?
Rearranging time allow filmmakers to create new narrative meaning by juxtaposing events in ways linear chronology does not permit. (Pulp fictioning it)
What is the difference between realism and antirealism in a movie, and why is verisimilitude important to them both?
Realism - Movies that are made to look real
Antirealism- Movies that are made to look like a fantasy
Verisimiltude- Movies that make fantasy look real.
What is cinematic language?
Accepted systems, methods, or conventions by which the movies communicate with the viewer.
An interest in or concern for the actual or real; a tendency to view or represent things as they really are.
A treatment that is against or the opposite of realism. Fantasy
When they convince you that the things on the screen—people, places, what have you, no matter how fantastic or antirealistic—are "really there." In other words, the movie's vision seems internally consistent, giving you a sense that in the world on-screen, things could be just like that.
Persistence of Vision
The process by which the human brain retains an image for a fraction of a second longer than the eye records it.
The illusion of movement created by events that succeed each other rapidly, as when two adjacent lights flash on and off alternately and we seem to see a single light shifting back and forth. This cognitive phenomenon is part of the reason we see movies as a continuous moving images, rather than a successive series of still images.
Critical Flicker Fusion
A phenomenon that occurs when a single light flickers on and off with such speed that the individual pulses of light fuse together to give the illusion of continuous light.
A technique of cutting back and forth between action occurring in two different locations, which often creates the illusion that they are happening simultaneously. Also called "cross cutting."
What are the four different ways of looking at Narrative? ("The Idea of Narrative")
Is a story.
Is a type of movie.
Is a way of structuring fictional or fictionalized stories presented in narrative films.
Is a broader concept that both includes and goes beyond any of these applications.
What are the three categories of movies explored in the reading? ("Types of Movies") Be familiar with the general characteristics for each category of
What are the four basic approaches to documentary films?
What are the six elements (sets of conventions) that your reading used to
define and classify film genres? ("Genre")
Stars (Most Actors star in the same type of movies)
What are the six genres explored in your reading? Be familiar with the defining elements/conventions of each of these six genres. ("Six Major
How does animation differ from the other three basic types of movies?
Animation is just a different form of moviemaking, not necessarily a singular type of movie. In fact, animation techniques have been employed to make every type of movie described in the quizlet
What are the three basic types of animation?
Computer Generated Imagery (CGI)
The categorization of narrative films by form, content, or both.
A documentary film that, usually, presents people, places, or processes in a straightforward way meant to entertain and instruct without unduly influencing audiences.
A documentary film that seeks to educate viewers about common interests, rather than persuading them with particular ideas.
A documentary film concerned with presenting a particular perspective on social issues, or with corporate and governmental injustice.
A documentary film that systematically disseminates deceptive or distorted information.
What are the three basic phases of making a movie?
What are the principal activities in each of the three basic phases of making a movie? ("How a Movie is Made")
Preproduction - Planning and Preperation
Production - Actual shooting
Postproduction- editing, preparing the final print, and bringing the film to the public (marketing and distribution).
During production, what are some of factors that determine the size of the crew required to film a specific shot?
the use of studio or exterior locations, day or night shooting, shooting on an uncrowded exterior location or a crowded city street, camera and lighting setups, and the extent of movement by the camera and the actors.
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