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Terms for ch 4 Life-Span Development, 11th ed, John W Santrock

germinal period

the first two weeks after conception, includes creation of the zygote, continued cell division, and attachment of the zygoe to the uterine wall

embryonic period

two to eight weeks after conception, rate of cell differentiation intensifies, support systems for the cells form, and organs appear

fetal period

begins at 8 weeks after conception and lasts, on average, 7 months

fetal alcohol syndrome

a cluster of abnormalities that appears in the offspring of mothers who drink alcohol heavily during pregnancy

natural childbirth

developed in 1914 by Dick-Read, this method attempts to reduce the mother's pain by decreasing her fear through education about childbirth and relaxation techniques during delivery

prepared childbirth

developed by French obstetrician Ferdinand Lamaze, this childbirth strategy includes a special breathing technique to control puching in the final stages of labor and a more detailed anatomy and physiology course

breech position

the baby's position in the uterus in which the buttocks are the first part to emerge

Apgar scale

used to assess the health of newborns at one and five minutes after birth, it evaluates the infant's heart rate, respitory effort, muscle tone, body color, and reflex irritability

low birth weight

an infant that weighs less than 5 1/2 lbs at birth

preterm infant

born 3 weeks or more before the pregnancy has reached full term

postpartum period

the period after childbirth when the mother adjusts both physically and psychologically to the process of childbirth, lasts for 6 weeks or until her body has completed its adjustment

postpartum depression

characteristics of women who have strong feelings of sadness, anxiety, or despair that for at least 2 weeks during the postpartum period that they have trouble coping with daily tasks


formation of a close connection especially a physical bond between parents and their newborn in the period shortly afer birth

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