13 terms

Life-Span Development ch 4 Prenatal Development

Terms for ch 4 Life-Span Development, 11th ed, John W Santrock
germinal period
the first two weeks after conception, includes creation of the zygote, continued cell division, and attachment of the zygoe to the uterine wall
embryonic period
two to eight weeks after conception, rate of cell differentiation intensifies, support systems for the cells form, and organs appear
fetal period
begins at 8 weeks after conception and lasts, on average, 7 months
fetal alcohol syndrome
a cluster of abnormalities that appears in the offspring of mothers who drink alcohol heavily during pregnancy
natural childbirth
developed in 1914 by Dick-Read, this method attempts to reduce the mother's pain by decreasing her fear through education about childbirth and relaxation techniques during delivery
prepared childbirth
developed by French obstetrician Ferdinand Lamaze, this childbirth strategy includes a special breathing technique to control puching in the final stages of labor and a more detailed anatomy and physiology course
breech position
the baby's position in the uterus in which the buttocks are the first part to emerge
Apgar scale
used to assess the health of newborns at one and five minutes after birth, it evaluates the infant's heart rate, respitory effort, muscle tone, body color, and reflex irritability
low birth weight
an infant that weighs less than 5 1/2 lbs at birth
preterm infant
born 3 weeks or more before the pregnancy has reached full term
postpartum period
the period after childbirth when the mother adjusts both physically and psychologically to the process of childbirth, lasts for 6 weeks or until her body has completed its adjustment
postpartum depression
characteristics of women who have strong feelings of sadness, anxiety, or despair that for at least 2 weeks during the postpartum period that they have trouble coping with daily tasks
formation of a close connection especially a physical bond between parents and their newborn in the period shortly afer birth