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CES, 4th Grade, Social Studies Ch 11
Terms in this set (20)
Describe the Navajo hogans?
Poles covered with a layer of soil and bark.
What was the destination of the Navajo on "The Long Walk"?
Describe "The Long Walk":
Covered 300 miles.
Many Navajo died during the walk.
Navajo found poor soil and unsafe water at the end of their walk.
How do you think the Navajo people felt after making "The Long Walk"? How do you think they felt when they saw their new homeland? Why?
Happy to be finished walking and still alive.
Sad for the people that didn't make it.
Scared and angry when they saw their new home had poor soil and water.
Why do you think the Navajo Tribal Council made a system of written rules?
Rules help them govern large groups of people.
People know what is expected of them.
Rules can be handed down.
Describe the Navajo Tribal Council today:
It has council members and a chairperson who are elected every four years.
What are the ;main events of Coronado's search for the Cities of Gold?
1540 Coronado sent to find golden cities.
Found the Zuni people, walls not made of gold.
Sent search parties in different directions.
Found the Grand Canyon, Gulf of California, Pueblo Villages.
Went back to Mexico to report they found no Gold.
Name 3 purposes for Spanish missions:
1. To make Christians out of the Native Americans.
2. To support itself by raising crops and livestock.
3. To claim land.
What is one way that Spanish missions helped the Native Americans?
Some protected the Native Americans from their enemies.
Why do you think pueblos grew up around the Spanish missions in the Southwest?
Some Native Americans who lived at the mission married and build home near there.
Each mission was a center of activity.
Had farms, ranches, good water supply and mills.
People were drawn there.
Name 3 things brought to the Southwest by the Spanish:
1. Cattle Ranching
2. Mexican and Spanish food
3. Spanish Language
Which culture has the most influence on the Southwest today?
How did Philip Armour help the cattle industry grow in the Southwest?
Started a meat-packing industry in Chicago that helped the market for beef grow.
Why did Texas cowboys need an easy way to get their cattle to Kansas?
Cattle could be sent to meat-packing plants from the railroad towns in Kansas.
Name 3 jobs of the cowboys of the Southwest:
1. Training horses
2. Guarding Cattle
3. Driving Cattle
Where did the Chisholm Trail begin?
San Antonio, Texas
What effect did the Chisholm Trail have on cattle ranching in Texas?
Grew because of the trail
Cowboys had a way to take cattle to sell
Decreased cattle ranching in Texas because cowboys may have moved closer to Kansas because of open grazing land
Name the 3 ways that ranching today in the Southwest is different from ranching in the past:
1. Ranchers raise crops to feed the animals.
2. Animals drink from the water wells.
3. Ranchers fence in their land to keep cattle from wandering off.
How has irrigation changed Arizona?
Land that was once dry is now rich farmland.
How has air conditioning affected the Southwest?
The heat of the Southwest is more bearable for businesses and families there.
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