Upgrade to remove ads
Social Psychology 12e- Myers/Twenge Chapter 4
Terms in this set (38)
beliefs and feelings related to person or an event (often rooted in one's beliefs, and exhibited in one's feelings and intended behavior)
appearing moral while avoiding the cost of being so
implicit association test
a computer driven assessment of implicit attitudes. The test uses reaction time to measure people's automatic associations between attitude objects and evaluative words. Easier pairing (and faster responses) are taken to indicate stronger unconscious association
implicit biases are
2: different for each person
3: mostly unnoticed by the person who holds the bias
Theory of Planned Behavior
attitude towards the behavior, subjective norm, and perceived control dictate behavior intentions which drives behaviors
conditions under which attitudes will predict behavior
1: when other influences on our attitude statement are minimized
2: when the attitude is specifically relevant to the observed behavior
3: when the attitude is potent
A set of norms that defines how people in a given social position ought to behave.
Both harmful and moral acts . . .
shape the self
Moral acts, especially when chosen, . . .
affects moral thinking
Racial and Political behavior . . .
help shape our social consciousness
Political and Social movements may . . .
legislate behavior to lead to attitude change on a mass scale
Why does our behavior affect our attitude?
1: self presentation theory
2: cognitive dissonance theory
3: self perception theory
Self Presentation Theory assumes that
for strategic reason we express attitudes that make us appear consistent.
Cognitive Dissonance Theory states
tension that arises when one is simultaneously aware of two inconsistent cognitions. For example, dissonance may occur when we realize that we have, with little justification, acted contrary to our attitudes or made a decision favoring one alternative despite reasons favoring another.
Cognitive Dissonance Theory assumes that
to reduce discomfort, we justify our actions to ourselves.
Self Perception Theory assumes that
our actions are self-revealing: when uncertain about our feelings or beliefs, we look to our behavior, much as anyone else would.
The tendency to seek information and media that agree with one's views and to avoid dissonant information.
Reduction of dissonance by internally justifying one's behavior when external justification is "insufficient."
insufficient justification assumes that the
dissonance theory predicts that when our actions are not fully explained by external rewards or coercion. We will experience dissonance, which we can reduce by believing in what we have done.
self presentation is
cognitive dissonance is
self perception is
self perception theory states that
when we are unsure of our attitudes, we infer them much as would someone observing us—by looking at our behavior and the circumstances under which it occurs.
facial feedback effect
The tendency of facial expressions to trigger corresponding feelings such as fear, anger, or happiness.
The result of bribing people to do what they already like doing; they may then see their actions as externally controlled rather than intrinsically appealing.
I do it because I like it
I do it because someone else likes it
I do it because someone is paying me
I do it because there is some form of reward
self affirmation theory
A theory that (a) people often experience a self-image threat after engaging in an undesirable behavior; and (b) they can compensate by affirming another aspect of the self. Threaten people's self-concept in one domain, and they will compensate either by refocusing or by doing good deeds in some other domain.
According to Steele's self-affirmation theory, the need to justify dissonant acts is
increased if one's self-worth has been recently affirmed.
Impression management is to _______ as cognitive dissonance is to _______.
Which of the following is NOT one of the theories presented in the text as an explanation for why attitudes follow behavior?
self-consistency theory does NOT belong
Which theory predicts that when people experience a self-image threat, they will compensate by affirming another aspect of the self?
The major difference between the dissonance theory and the self-perception theory is that the former relies on the motivating effects of _______, while the latter does not.
An example of the overjustification effect in the text describes how the number of books Myers' son read ______ after the local library provided an incentive for children to read ten books in three months.
Although your mother had to nag you to clean your room as a child, she always praised your desire to keep your room clean and orderly when you finished. Her comments likely _______ your intrinsic motivation to maintain a clean and orderly environment on your own.
Although you were opposed to the war with Iraq, your attitude changed when you were required to report on the justifications for it at your job as a newspaper journalist. Which theory best explains the change in your attitude?
cognitive dissonance theory
A set of norms that defines how people in a given social position ought to behave is what social psychologists call a(n)
"Emotional Contagion" can explain why you always feel _______ after being with a consistently upbeat friend.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Social Psychology 12e- Myers/Twenge Chap…
Social Psychology 12e - Myers/Twenge Chapter 3
Social Psychology 12e- Myers/Twenge Chapter 6
Social Psychology 12e - Myers/Twenge Chapter 2
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
chapter 4 practice quiz
chapter 4 practice quiz
SOP3004 Chapter FOUR
SOCIAL CH 4
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Drive Right Chapter 6 Study Guide
Drive Right Chapter 5 Study Guide
Drive Right Chapter 4 Study Guide
Drive Right Chapter 3 Study Guide