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30 terms

Unit 2

STUDY
PLAY
Artisans
skilled craftspeople who make things out of pottery, finley carved, or woven goods
Barter
a form of trade in which people exchange goods and services without the use of money
Bronze Age
a period of human culture between the Stone Age and the Iron Age, characterized by the use of weapons and implements made of bronze
City state
a city that controls much of the land around it and has its own government
Civilization
a form of culture characterized by cities, specialized workers, complex institutions, record keeping, and advanced technology
Cultural Diffusion
The spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another
Cuneiform
of or relating to the tarsal bones (or other wedge-shaped bones)
Delta
A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river flows into an ocean or lake
Dynastic Cycle
the historical pattern of the rise, decline, and replacement of dynasties.
Dynasty
a sequence of powerful leaders in the same family
Empire
a group of diverse companies under common ownership and run as a single organization
Fertile Crescent
a geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates
Feudalism
the social system that developed in Europe in the 8th C
Hammurabi
Babylonian king who codified the laws of Sumer and Mesopotamia (died 1750 BC)
Harappan Civilization
another name for the indus valley civilization that arose along the indus river, possibly as early as 7000 BC; characterized by sophisticated city planning
Hieroglyphics
a system of writing using symbols or pictures
Institution
the act of starting something for the first time
Mandate of Heaven
a political theory of ancient China in which those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source
Mesopotamia
the land between the Tigris and Euphrates
Monsoons
seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons
Oracle Bones
animal bones carved with written characters which were used for telling the future
Papyrus
a document written on papyrus
Pharaoh
the title of the ancient Egyptian kings
Polytheism
belief in multiple Gods
Pyramid
a massive memorial with a square base and four triangular sides
Scribes
professional record keepers
Specialization
the special line of work you have adopted as your career
Subcontinent
a large and distinctive landmass (as India or Greenland) that is a distinct part of some continent
Theocracy
the belief in government by divine guidance
Ziggurat
a rectangular tiered temple or terraced mound erected by the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians