37 terms

NLE Quizlet #1 (Culture and Civilization)

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Roma
Rome
Italia
Italy
Gallia
Gaul (France)
Graecia
Greece
Britannia
Britain
Hispania
Spain
Hesperia
Italy
Mare Nostrum (literally, "our sea")
Mediterranean Sea
Tiber River
river that flows through Rome; Romulus and Remus floated down in a basket
Romulus and Remus
twin brothers associated with the founding of Rome
Forum
"downtown" place of business
Circus Maximus
racetrack for chariot races
Colosseum
amphitheater for gladiators; a.k.a. "Flavian Amphitheater"
villa
house, country house
cubiculum
bedroom
atrium
atrium, entryway
servus
slave
filius
son
filia
daughter
pater
father
mater
mother
thermae
baths
aquaeductus
aquaduct
curia
Senate house
basilica
law court
triclinium
dining room (literally, "three couch")
insulae
apartments, islands
Pompeii
town in CLC; near Mt. Vesuvius on the Bay of Naples
Mt. Vesuvius
erupted in A.D. 79
Brundisium
eastern port city on the heel of the "boot"
Apennine Mountains
the "backbone" of Italy
Asia Minor
modern-day Turkey
M-RED: Monarchy, Republic, Empire, Decline
Four stages of Roman history
Monarchy (king), Republic (consul), Empire (emperor)
leader of the government in each stage of history
Pantheon
Roman shrine to all the gods (pan + theon = all + gods)
Via Appia / Appian Way
major road from Rome to Brundisium
Romulus
first king of Rome, killed his brother Remus
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