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64 terms

Science longitude latitude and time

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earth's rotation
spinning on its axis
what direction does earth rotate
counterclockwise or from east to west
length of earth's rotation
24 hours
how many degrees in earth's rotation
15 degrees per hour
earth's revolution
orbiting around the sun
how many degrees does earth turn per day
360 degrees per day
direction of earth's revolution
counterclockwise
length of one earth revolution
365 1/4 days
shape of earth's orbit
elliptical orbit
point when closest to the sun
perihelion
point when farthest away from the sun
aphelion
equinox
equal days and nights
vernal equinox
marks the 1st day of spring
date of the vernal equinox
March 21 or 22
location of the sun on the vernal equinox
equator
autumnal equinox
marks the 1st day of fall
date of the autumnal equinox
september 22 orr 23
location of the sun on the autumnal equinox
equator
summer solstice
marks the 1st day of the summer
date on the summer solstice
june 21 or 22
location of the sun on the summer solstice
tropic of cancer
winter solstice
marks the 1st day of winter
date of the summer solstice
december 21 or 22
location of the sun on the winter solstice
tropic of capricorn
zenith
a point directly overhead
Tilt of earth's axis
231/2 degrees
result of the tilt
seasons
latitude
any point north or south of the equator
latitude lines
parallels
direction of latitude lines
east and west
latitude of the equator
0 degrees
latitude of the tropic of cancer
231/2 north
latitude of the tropic of capricorn
231/2 south
latitude of the arctic circle
661/2 north
latitude of the antarctic circle
661/2 south
latitude of the north pole
90 north
latitude of the south pole
90 south
longitude
distances east or west of the prime meridian
longitude lines
meridians
direction of longitude lines
north and south
what degrees is the prime meridian
0 degrees
the prime meridian passes through what town
greenwich england
what degrees is the international date line
180degrees
where is the international date line
pacific ocean
shape of the international date line
zig zag
what is the purpose of the international date line
to off set the day
how do you change your clock when crossing the international date line
1 hour ahead or behind
how do you change the date when crossing the international date line
east to west you repeat the day and west to east you go ahead a day
one degree of longitude at the equator is equal to how many miles
70 miles
one degree of longitude at the poles is equal to how many miles
0 miles
standard time
the time in which our clocks run on
mean solar time
average sun time
daylight savings time
during summer clocks are set ahead one hour
when do you set your clocks
1st sunday in november and 2nd sunday in march
how do you set your clocks
spring ahead and fall back
eastern time zone
75 west
central time zone
90 west
mountain time zone
105 west
pacific time zone
120 west
how do you change your watch from going from one time zone to another
east to west back an hour
west to east ahead an hour
north dakota lies in which time zone
central and mountain
what is A.M. and P.M.
after midnight and past midnight
what is a sextant
used to determine latitude or the angle of the sun
chronometer
used to determine the time at greenwich england