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The motor portion of the PNS that carries out voluntary activities is the _______ nervous system.
The motor portion of the PNS that carries out involuntary activities is the ______ nervous system.
The small space between the neuron and cell with which it communicates is called a ________.
Cranial and spinal nerves that connect the CNS to other body parts is called the ________.
peripheral nervous system
Motor functions of the nervous system are carried out by neurons that carry impulses from the CNS to responsive structures called _____.
The motor portion of the PNS can be subdivided into the ______ and _______ nervous systems.
The ends of a synaptic knob close to the receptive surface of another cell, separated only by a space is called the ________.
Within which portion of the nervous system are large axons encased by neuroglia called Schwann cells?
The myelin sheaths of peripheral neurons are encased by a ______ or ________ sheath.
The type of neurons found in specialized parts of the eyes, nose and ears are _______ neurons.
The type of neurons located outside of the brain and spinal cord and aggregated in specializes masses of nerve tissue called ganglia are _______ neurons.
______ neurons carry nerve impulses from peripheral body parts into the brain or spinal cord.
The type of neurons that are multipolar and form links between other neurons are called ________.
They type of neuron that is multipolar and carries impulses from the brain or spinal cord to effectors is called a _______ neuron.
A type of CNS neuroglia that phagocytize bacteria and debris, and proliferate when the brain or spinal cord is inflamed.
Cells that form a one-cell thick epithelial membrane that covers the inside spaces of the brain called ventricles are ________ cells.
Specialized capillaries (choroid plexuses) are covered by these type of CNS neuroglia.
A type of CNS neuroglia that mops up excess ions and neurotransmitters is called an ________.
Small, cuboidal cells that surround cell bodies of neurons in ganglia are called ________ cells.
These type of CNS neuroglia form a porous layer for substances to diffuse between the interstitial fluid of the brain and spinal cord and CS fluid.
Synaptic knobs of axon terminals contain arrays of membranous sacs (containing neurotransmitters) called _______.
The difference in electrical charge across the neural cell membrane (this is unused) is called the _________.
In the case of a resting neuron (not sending or receiving) the membrane potential is called _______.
If the membrane potential becomes more negative than the resting potential the membrane is described as ________.
If the membrane potential becomes less negative (more positive) than the resting potential them membrane is described as ______.
With a depolarized membrane, when the membrane potential reaches -55 millivolts, this is called ______.
If threshold potential is reached an _______ results which is the basis for a nerve impulse.
In a multipolar neuron the initial segment of an axon is often referred to as the ________ because it contains many voltage-gated sodium channels.
The brief period of time after the passage of a nerve impulse when a new stimulus cannot be triggered is called the _________.
What are the two parts of the refractory period?
absolute (1/2,500 s) (no impulse can be triggered), relative (resting potential reestablished - impulse can be triggered)
The type of impulse conduction where action potentials appear to jump from node to node is called _______.
Changes in chemically-gated ion channels create local potentials called _______.
A disease in which the myelin coating becomes inflamed and is destroyed leaving scars that block neural transmission is ________.
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