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113 terms

Anatomy & Physiology - Word Roots, Prefixes, Suffixes Etc

Anatomy & Physiology - Foreign Word Roots, Prefixes, Suffixes, and Combining Forms
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"a-" Example: avascular
without
"ab-" Example: abduct
from
"-ac" Example: cardiac
pertaining to
"acr-", Example: acromegaly
extremity
"ad-", Example: adduct
to, toward
"aden-", "adeno-" Example: adenoid
gland
"adip-", "adipos" Example: adipocytes
fat
"aer-", "aeros" Example: aerobic metabolism
air
"-al", "-alis" Example: brachial
pertaining to
"alb-", "albicans" Example: albino
white
"-algia", Example: neuralgia
pain
"allo-", Example: allograft
other
"ana-", Example: anaphase
up, back
"andro-" Example: androgen
male
"angio-" Example: angiogram
vessel
"ante-" Example: antebrachial
before
"anti-", "ant-" Example: antibiotic
against
"apo-" Example: apocrine
from
"arachn-", "arachne-" Example: arachnoid
spider
"arter-" Example: arterial
artery
"arthro(s)-" Example: arthroscopy
joint
"astro-", "aster" Example: astrocyte
star
"atel(es)-" Example: atelectasis
imperfect
"aur-", "auris-" Example: auricle
ear
"auto-" Example: autonomic
self
"baro(s)-" Example: baroreceptor
pressure
"bi-" Example: bifurcate
two
"bio(s)-" Example: biology
life
"-blast(os)" Example: osteoblast
precursor
"brachi-" Example: brachium, brachiocephalic
arm
"brachy-" Example: brachydactyly
short
"brady-" Example: bradycardia
slow
"bronch-" Example: bronchial
windpipe, airway
"carcin-" Example: carcinoma
cancer
"cardi-" Example: cardiac
heart
"-cele" Example: blastocele
tumor, hernia, or swelling
"-centesis" Example: thoracocentesis
puncture
"cephal-" Example: brachiocephalic
head
"cerebr-" Example: cerebrum, cerebral hemisphere
brain
"cerebro-" Example: cerebrospinal fluid
brain
"cervic-" Example: cervical vertebrae
neck
"chole-" Example: cholecystitis
bile
"-chondrion" Example: mitochondrion
granule
"chondro-" Example: chrondrocyte
cartilage
"chrom(o)-" Example: chromatin
color
"circum-" Example: circumduction
around
"-clast" Example: osteoclast
broken
"coel-" Example: coelom
cavity
"colo-" Example: colonoscopy
colon
"contra-" Example: contralateral
against
"corp-" Example: corpuscle
body
"cortic-" Example: corticospinal, cortex
rind or bark
"cost-" Example: costal
rib
"cranio-" Example: cranialsacral
skull
"cribr-" Example: cribriform
sieve
"-crine" Example: endocrine
to separate
"cut-" Example: cutaneous
skin
"cyam-" Example: cyanosis
blue
"cyst-" Example: blastocyst
sac
"cyt(o)-" Example: cytology
a hollow cell
"de-" Example: deactivation
from, away
"dendr-" Example: dendrite
tree
"dent-" Example: dentition
teeth
"derm-" Example: dermatome
skin
"desmo-" Example: desmosome
band
"di-" Example: disaccharide
twice
"dia-" Example: diameter
through
"digit-" Example: digital
a finger or toe
"dipl-" Example: diploid
double
"dis-" Example: disability
apart, away from
"diure-" Example: diuresis
to urinate
"dys-" Example: dysmenorrhea
painful
"-ectasis" Example: atelectasis
expansion
"ecto-" Example: ectoderm
outside
"-ectomy" Example: appendectomy
excision
"ef-" Example: efferent
away, from
"emmetro-" Example: emmetropia
in proper measure
"encephalo-" Example: encephalitis
brain
"end-", "endo-" Example: endometrium
within
"entero-" Example: enteric
intestine
"epi-" Example: epimysium
upon
"erythema-" Example: erythematosis
flushed (skin)
"erythro-" Example: erythrocyte
red
"ex-" Example: exocytosis
out of, away from
"extra-" Example: extracellular
outside of, beyond, in addition
"ferr-" Example: transferrin
iron
"fil-" Example: filament
thread
"-form" Example: fusiform
shape
"gastr-" Example: gastrointestinal
stomach
"-gen", "-genic" Example: mutagen
to produce
"genicula-" Example: geniculates
kneelike structure
"genio-" Example: geniohyoid
chin
"gest-" Example: gestation
to bear
"glosso-" Example: hypoglossal
tongue
"glyco-" Example: glycogen
sugar
"-gram" Example: myogram
record
"gran-" Example: granulocyte
grain
"-graph" Example: electroencephalograph
to write, record
"gyne-", "gyno-" Example: gynecologist
woman
"hem(o)-" Example: hemopoiesis
blood
"hemi-" Example: hemisphere
one half
"hepato-" Example: hepatocyte
liver
"hetero-" Example: heterozygous
other
"histo-" Example: histology
tissue
"holo-" Example: holocrine
entire
"homeo-" Example: homeostasis
similar
"homo-" Example: homozygous
same
"hyal(o)-" Example: hyaline
glass
"hydro-" Example: hydrolysis
water
"hyo-" Example: hyoid bone
u-shaped
"hyper-" Example: hyperpolarization
above
"hypo-" Example: hypothyroid
under
"hyster-" Example: hysterectomy
uterus