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Socials 9- Ch. 1: The Modern Age
Social Studies 9 flashcards on the important terms from the Crossroads (A Meeting Of Nations) textbook, chapter one, following the curriculum of Lord Byng Secondary.
Terms in this set (25)
rebirth of fine arts, sciences, and learning in Europe- the transition between medieval to the modern world
the time period in European history from 500 to 1450 CE
the religious movement protesting against the Roman Catholic Church to "reform"
leader of the Reformation
a documentation written by Martin Luther, listing all the flaws in the Roman Catholic church. (presented to the All Saints Church in Wittenberg)
a branch of Christianity under the hierarchical authority of the pope and based in the Latin language.
the head of the Roman Catholic Church
a Christian religion founded on the principles of the Reformation, led by Martin Luther.
Flaws of the Roman Catholic Church
the pope and officials were too authoritative and hypocritical- established elaborate buildings and decorations (eg. statues of Christ) within the church, and were too wealthy
a medieval hierarichal society revolving around land being the main source of wealth
almost god-like virtues possessed by the King, implying that he is of far higher status than the people, which leads to the Divine Right of Kings
Divine Right of Kings
the belief that a King's powers as a ruler came directly from God, and was God's representative on earth; his actions should not be questions
a group of countries governed under a single authority (ex. the British empire)
an agricultural system in which 3 fields are alternating in use, to maximize nutrients in the soil, produce, and efficiency during farming
a renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements- more weight on regular life, less on religion and God
a way of thought about aspects of life
a revolutionary invention by Gutenberg, helped spread Humanism, and other philosophical or scientific ideas during the Renaissance period. Encouraged literacy, and education, provided more opportunities for the middle class
the quick transformation from religious explanations to logical reasoning through science to explain the mysteries of life
1543: developed the theory of which all the planets, including Earth, revolve around the sun
1632: proved Copernicus's theory, but this discovery conflicted with the religious belief in an Earth-centered universe.
1620: developed the scientific method
1660s: developed law of gravity
1500s: anatomist who used the microscope to improve knowledge on the human body
1570s: a Danish astronomer
improved the early microscope
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Socials 9- Ch. 2: Parliament vs Monarchy in England
Socials 9- Ch. 3: French Revolution
Socials 9- Ch. 4: The Napoleonic Era
Socials 9 Final exam questions
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