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World Hist. to 1500 test 1
Terms in this set (90)
Which of the following skills characteristic of hominids developed last?
Homo erectus children:
required years of care by older member of the clan.
All of the world's "races" have a great deal in common because:
in terms of hominid development, humans have only recently begun living separately from one another.
All of the following are advantages that bipedalism offered early hominids EXCEPT:
it allowed hominids to hunt prey with greater dexterity than other species.
Which of the following hominids first arrived in Asia?
When did significant cultural differences emerge among humans?
with the advent of settled agriculture
Australopithecus africanus was unique, compared to other animals of its time, because:
it walked on two legs.
communicated mainly through gestures.
Which of the following best describes hominids in eastern Africa between 3 and 4 million years ago?
A number of hominid species coexisted, but most would not survive to the present day.
The mastery of fire meant hominids had all of the following EXCEPT
The single trait that marks the most successful early hominids, compared to those hominids that died out, was:
the ability to adapt to changing physical environments.
expanded into nineteen separate language families as humans moved out of Africa.
The production of art allowed Homo sapiens to do all of the following EXCEPT:
record information about alliances with other kin groups.
Language use among Homo sapiens did all of the following EXCEPT:
reduce complex cognitive organization.
The key development that marked the arrival of Homo sapiens was:
the development of language.
During the development of settled agriculture, the emerging divisions between males and females:
left women performing more grueling agricultural labor than men.
Why were nomadic pastoralists important to settled agriculturalists?
They transmitted ideas, products, and peoples across long distances, linking them with a wider world.
In Europe, agricultural and village life occurred along two separate paths. Which of the following is one of them?
a sea route following the prevailing currents of the Mediterranean
The "Fertile Crescent" refers to:
a region of Southwest Asia with rich soils and regular rainfall in which the agricultural revolution first appeared.
Which of the following best explains the relative lack of communication between the peoples of the Americas and the peoples of Afro-Eurasia after around 12,500 BCE?
Melting glaciers covered the land bridge between East Asia and the Americas with water, physically separating the inhabitants of these two worlds.
On the islands of Japan:
converting mud into pottery enabled food to be stored and transported more easily.
Agriculture and village life emerged in inland Europe:
as new domesticated crops and animals that could be grown or herded in colder climates were found.
In the Sahel region in Africa:
people composed cave paintings that portrayed the transition from hunting and gathering to pastoralism.
Early humans in the Americas:
adapted to different ecological niches and created new subsistence strategies.
In comparison with Afro-Eurasians, the people of the Americas:
were more scattered and isolated from each other.
All of the following characterize human villages as they grew in size EXCEPT which?
Houses were built as simple circular structures without interior walls.
Prehistoric cave painting:
includes few images of humans.
Which of the following forms of art have NOT been found among prehistoric humans?
statuettes of muscular men
Which of the following was domesticated in the Fertile Crescent of Southwest Asia?
Of the six large mammals essential to humans, all were domesticated in Southwest Asia EXCEPT:
Bronze is made by combining arsenic or tin with what metal?
The Tigris and Euphrates rivers:
required farmers to develop irrigation systems to control periods of high and low water.
Sargon the great
established the first territorial state
The ancient Egyptian system of using the Nile floodwaters was devised and maintained by:
In Ancient Egypt
the divide between rural and urban settings was not stark as there were no massive cities.
In the Americas around 3500 BCE:
trade developed between fishing villages on the coast and agricultural villages in the interior.
The rise of trade:
was aided by the establishment of settled communities, which typically lacked some needed goods that were not local.
had nearly all of its needed natural resources available locally.
had a large agrarian region in which communities were spread out from each other.
In the Longshan villages in China
links between people in northern and southern China emerged as Longshan people migrated to new regions.
At first, Mesopotamian city-states were run by:
assemblies of elders and young men
In scribal cultures, including Mesopotamia and Egypt, writing:
sharpened the difference between urban and rural worlds.
The Mesopotamian temple
functioned like a large household engaged in all sorts of productive activities.
Social distinctions in Harappan communities are suggested by:
family dwellings of two or three stories and containing interior courtyards.
Which location is NOT one of the three locations in which cities first emerged?
The Yellow River basin
Mesopotamian urban centers were located near:
The Tigris and Euphrates rivers
Cities required all of the following EXCEPT:
locally available natural metal and mineral resources.
People in riverine cities
developed lifestyles based on the mass production of goods and specialized labor.
Ancient Egyptian society used the Nile River by:
building basins that trapped rich topsoil as the Nile overflowed its banks.
formed a highly coherent culture stretched out along the banks of the Nile River.
In Mesopotamia, the stepped platform base of a temple was called a(n):
We know very little about Harappan society today because:
their writing has not been translated
All of these contributed to ancient China being geographically and culturally divided EXCEPT:
Dynastic warfare among Xia nobles
The first material sign of an emerging warrior culture in Europe was the appearance of:
Megarons, forerunners of the classic Greek temple, existed in:
The whole of the northern European plain came to share a common material culture based on all of these EXCEPT:
the construction of elaborate public spaces such as fountains and plazas.
The Egyptian architect who developed the first step pyramid was:
On the island of Crete
Knossos became the primary palace-town in an extended network of palaces.
In comparison to Mesopotamia and Harappa, Egypt grew
The most important precious substance in East Asia was:
All of the following characterized the early empires that emerged in the first millennium BCE EXCEPT:
rulers did not establish unified laws and administrations across their kingdoms.
Afro-Eurasia's first regionally integrated empire was:
the Neo-Assyrian state.
The king who united the Persian tribes and established the Persian Empire was:
Cyrus the Great
The vast Persian capital built by Darius I was:
The chief agent of change in overland trade in the first millennium BCE was:
The Assyrians' military advantages included all of the following EXCEPT:
slave-soldiers who knew that defeat meant certain death.
According to Assyrian ideology:
the national god Ashur commanded all Assyrians to support the endless growth of the empire.
In the Persian Empire:
all subject peoples were on an equal footing, required only to give loyalty and pay tribute to the king.
The Persian Empire established all of the following EXCEPT:
a network of ports to facilitate trade and commerce.
treated humans as capable of choosing between good and evil.
In the Assyrian empire:
the conquered people who lived outside Assyria provided tribute that went to the king to support the court and the military.
The rise of regional empires in the first millennium BCE depended on all of the following EXCEPT:
the development of the chariot.
In Assyrian society:
prostitutes were forbidden to wear veils so that their naked faces would signal their disreputable status.
The kingdoms that emerged in the first millennium BCE in the wake of population migrations and climate change:
conquered existing states and different ethnic groups to become the world's first empires.
The Zhou state is characterized by all of the following EXCEPT which?
The Zhou state became a regional superpower, dominating nearby principalities.
All of the following are true of the Sea Peoples EXCEPT:
their invasions stretched into the Indus River valley.
developed seaworthy crafts from the massive cedar trees in their region.
All of the following correctly characterize the land of Judah EXCEPT
Judah served as a trader-state with special status, controlling trade with Egypt under Assyrian authority.
The Phoenicians developed which groundbreaking innovation?
The word mahajanapada refers to:
the sixteen "great communities" that occupied the Ganges River basin.
All of the following correctly identify the caste system in South Asia EXCEPT which?
The ceremony of "second birth" was undergone by all four castes
For what major public works project did the Zhou dynasty take over responsibility
dikes and irrigation systems
The dynasty that succeeded the Shang dynasty in China was:
The Zhou rulers sought to legitimize their takeover of the Shang dynasty
by asserting moral superiority.
Zhou patrilineal society included all of the following EXCEPT which?
Women were responsible for farming while men hunted and traded.
In the Persian Empire:
royal gifts from the king to the nobles reminded those receiving the gifts of their continual obligation to the ruler.
The Vedic people
were an Indo-European-speaking nomadic people who settled in South Asia.
learned agricultural practices from the local people and developed those.
The emergence of monotheism amongst the Israelites:
came after a period of henotheism, in which one god has power and ascendancy over other spirits and deities that still exist.
The culture of individual warrior-heroes that emerged in the eastern Mediterranean and the Aegean Islands was evoked in which piece of literature?
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