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Anatomy chapter one

Holes Anatomy and Physiology Twelfth Edition Chapter One Study Guide
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list the levels of organization from least complex to most complex
subatomic particles, atom, molecule, macromolecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
An organ defined as a structure that has a specific structure and is composed of two or more different types of?
Tissues
The sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body is known as?
Metabolism
Tom has been lifting weights. As a result of the physical work, his muscle cells have added proteins and become larger. Which of the characteristics of life best describes this increase in size?
Growth
Where is the cranial cavity is located in the?
Cephalic; in your head
A tranvsverse plane divides the body into?
Above the waist and below the waist
The word axillary refers to the?
Armpit
The region of the abdominopelvic cavity that is inferior and medial to the left lumbar region is the?
hypogastric region
What describes the relationship between the visceral pleura and the parietal pleura?
The visceral pleura is deep to the parietal pleura
The term cephalic refers to the?
Head
During the process of development of the skeletal system, embryonic cells, known as mesenchyme cells, may develop into either osteoblasts or chondroblasts, which in turn, may develop into osteocystes and chondocytes. This process is an example of?
Differentiation
The body system that distributes oxygen and nutrients to cells and carries carbon dioxide and wastes away from cells is the?
Cardiovascular system
The system that plays the major role in regulating the volume and chemical composition of blood, eliminating wastes, and regulating fluid and electrolyte balance is the?
Urinary system
Which of the following body parts would be considered contralateral (opposite sides) to each other?
left lung and right lung
What lines the abdominal cavity?
parietal perineum
Define anatomy
Study of structure
Define physiology
study of function
Give examples of the parts of the integumentary system
skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, secaceous glands
Generation of heat (thermogenesis) is a function of the ________ system?
Muscular system
Define tissue
group of similar cells that performs a specialized function
Assessment of body structure and function by touching body surfaces with the hands is called?
Palpation
What organ is located in the mediastinum?
Heart
give the main function of the skeletal system.
Provide framework
Which of the following is located in the pelvic cavity?
uterus
Name the organs found in the thoracic cavity.
lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, and thymus
describe the anatomical position
standing erect; the face is forward; and the upper limbs are at the sides, with the palms forward
Ginny is six years old and has grown 12 inches during the last year. Her family physician has referred her to an endocrinologist. This is because he suspects there is a problem with her?
Hormone balance
When dividing the abdominopelvic cavity into quadrants, a transverse plane and a midsgittal plane are passed through the?
umbilicus
Define histology
the study of cells
Which plane vertically divides the body through the midline into right and left portions?
Sagittal plane
Anabolism is?
synthesis of larger molecules from smaller ones
___________ is the sum of all chemical processes that occur in the body
MEtabolism
What organ system has the most influence on controlling and integrating body activities?
Endocrine
The study of disease is?
Pathology
The study of aging is?
Gerontology
Define sagittal plane
plane or section that divides a structure into right and left portions
Define homeostasis
state of equilibrium in which the internal environment of the body remains in the normal range
define Cell
the structural and functional unit of an organism
The position of the body that includes the head, neck and trunk.
Axial
The serous pleural membrane which is the outer covering of the lung.
Visceral
Describes a part closer to the trunk of the body or closer to another specified point of reference than another part.
Proximal
Is the Opposite of proximal, it means a body part is farther from the trunk or farther from another specified point of reference than another part.
Distal
A part is above another part or closer to the head
Superior
A part is below another part or toward the head
Inferior
Outward or near the surface
Peripheral
Describes internal parts
Deep
the cavity that houses the lungs, heart and vicera
Thoracic
cells make up?
tissue
Organs make up>
ORgan systems
Tissues make up?
organs
Organ systems make up?
Organism
The hand is located ____ to the elbow.
Distally
The ear is located________ to the eye.
Posteriorly