66 terms

positioning c-spine t-spine l-spine

Spinal Canal
Runs from the base of the skull to the sacrum
Spinal cord
Runs from the medulla oblongata to the 1st Lumbar conus medullaris
lordotic ( concave)
the curve of the lumbar and cervical spine is
kyphotic( convex)
the curve of the thoracic and sacral spine is
thoracic and pelvis(sacaral) present at birth CONVEX
Primary curves are
cervical and lumbar (concave) or lordotic devolop after birth COCAVE
secondary curves are
Kyphosis (convex)
abnormal curve in thoracic (hump)
Lordosis (concave) or swayback
increase in concavity in lumbar area
Abnormal ( lateral) curvature of the spine
Annulus Fibrosus
what is the outside of the intervertebral disk
Nucleus Pulposus
what is the inside of the intervertebral disk
Compression fracture
the collapse of a vertebral body most commonly associated with osteoporosis of the thoracic and lumbar spine
Spina Bifida
when the fetal spinal cord does not close duing the 1st month
HNP or slip disk
when the herniated nucleus pulposis protrudes through the outer layer in the spinal canal
Study of bones
Treatment of joints
Slightly moveable
Amphiarthrotic joints
Freely moveable
Diarthrotic joints
Dense fibrous membrane that covers the bone but not the articulating surfaces
Cancellous Bone
Highly pourous cantains red bone marrow (production of rbc)
Cortical Bone
Superfical thin layer of compact bone
15-20 degrees
angle for ap axial c-spine
15 to 20 degrees cephalad body at a 45 degree
angle for ap oblique c spine which direction
Level of C-4 the adams apple
cr enters at what level for a c spine
Clay shoveler's fracture
caused by extreme hyperflexion(c1-t1)
Hangmans fracture
caused by (extreme hyperextension) anterior displacement of C-2
Jefferson fracture
axial loading fracture of (FX to C1
Compression fracture
frequently associated with osteoporosis and involves a collapse of the vertebral body
60-72 inches
What is the distance for a lateral swimmers
40 inches and at T-7
ap t spine lateral t spine what is the sid and cr placement
20 degress from mid saggital line which give a 70 degree angle for zygopopseal joint
what is the angle for an ap or pa oblique t spine
Costotransverse joint
Where the tubercles of the ribs articulates with the transverse process
Costovertebral joint
Where the vertebal articulates with the head of the rib
Demi facets
found of each thoracic vertebra body which is a partial facet accepts the head of the rib
33 bones
In the vertebral spine of a child how many bones
26 bones
In the berteveral spine of a adult how many bones
right downside
which zygapophyseal joint is open in an rao t-spine
Right upside
which zygapophyseal is best demostrated with a lpo t-spine
right intervertbral foramina upside
which foramina are demostrated with a lpo c-spine
left intervertral downside
which foramina are demostrated with a lao c-spine
intervertebral foramina
with a c-spine what is shown with a 45 degree oblique
Zygapophyseal joints and intervertebral disk joint space
with a c-spine what is shown with a lateral
zygapophyseal joints
with a t-spine what is shown with a 70 degreee oblique
intervertebal foramina
with a t-spine what is shown with a lateral
towards the head
where should the anode be over for a t- spine
in the lumbar area l1 to l5
the five largest vertebrae in the body are where
in the lumbar
injuries to disk are most common where
the iliac crest is at what vertbrae location
Lower costal margin is at what vertbrae location
side to side
concerning the back bending is what kind of motion
because urine will obscure the view
why should you ask a patient to use the bathroom before a l-spine series
inform the doctor may need obliques as well
If a patient has pain running down their leg what may need to be done other then a ap lumbar
iliac crest and mid saggital
What is the cr location for an ap lumbar spine
30 degrees
what what angle does the si joint open posteriorly
5 to 8 degrees cadad
if no support is used for a lateral lumbar spine what should the angel be
1.5 inches below iliac crest and 2 inches posterior asis
where is the cr for an L5-S1 spot
15 degrees cephalad and 2 inches above ps and centered mid saggital
what is the angle and cr location for a ap sacrum
10 degrees caudad and 2 inches above ps and centered mid saggital
what is the angle and location for a coccyx ap
a lead board or lead mat
when on the table for a tspine or lspine lateral what should be used to gather scatter and clear up the image
30- 35 degrees cephalad to a point centered 2 inches below the asis
what is the angle and location of the cr for a ap axial si joint
25 to 30 degrees with the cr 1 inch medial to the upside asis
for and oblique si joint exam what is the roatation of the body and cr location
10 degrees cephalad for females 15 degrees cephalad for males
what would be the angle for a tspine if no sponge is used to correct sloping
Ankylosing spondylitis
Rheumatioid arthritis variant involing the si joints of the spine
forward displacement of a vertebra over a lower vertebra usually L5-S1
breaking down of of a vertebra
incomplete or partial dislocation