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Arts and Humanities
Ancient Greece-Chapter 8-Pearson
The Rise of City-States Greek Society and Economy Democracy in Athens Oligarchy in Sparta
Terms in this set (28)
members of a city-state who had legal rights
a word meaning "high city"
public buildings & temples were located here
the art and practice of government
a hereditary class of rulers
"rule by the best people"
land surrounded by water on 3 sides
he wrote the Iliad-tells the events of the Trojan War and the Odyssey-about the adventures of Odysseus
The Trojan War
Mycenaeans fought 10 years against Troy. A Greek army destroyed Troy because a Trojan Prince had kidnapped Helen, the wife of the Greek king.
people who paid rent, either in money or crops, to grow crops on another person's land
merchants and artisans were often resident aliens,
a Greek from another city-state or someone who was not Greek, non-citizens
the ownership and control of other people as property
Powerful city-state in Ancient Greece that was a leader in arts, sciences, philosophy, democracy and architecture.
Greek city-state that was ruled by an oligarchy, focused on military, used slaves for agriculture, discouraged the arts, valued strength, bravery, and dedication to the state
goddess of wisdom, skills, and warfare
The spartans were the strongest military power in Greece. They highly discouraged any sort of individual expression and did not value any artistic, musical, or intellectual pursuits. Spartans valued strength, discipline, and loyalty over freedom and individuality.
mastered the phhalanx which made them stronger in warfare
a type of government, political power is held by a small group of people
temple of Athena, stands on the Acropolis in Athens
a formation of heavily armed foot soldiers who moved together as a unit, they lined up to form a row of overlapping shields, held the shield with their left arm and sword or spear in the right, the rows might be as deep as eight lines
a government run by a strong ruler, a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator, unfair or cruel use of power or authority
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them, "ruled by the people"
important leader and warrior in Athens during the Golden Age who strengthened democracy, made it possible for poor people to be in the government of Athens, and said there should be equal justice for all people. (the boy from our MyStory)
membership in a state or community which gives a person civil and political rights and obligations
System of government in which the people participate directly in government decision making through mass meetings
A system of government in which citizens elect representatives, or leaders, to make decisions about the laws for all the people.
one of 5 members of the Spartan assembly elected to be responsible for the day-to-day operation of the government, their job was to uphold the rules of the Kings of Sparta.
In ancient Sparta, the term for slaves who were owned by the state, captive peoples who were forced to work for their conquerors
Society organized for the purpose of waging war
military housing, boys went to live in barracks starting at age 7 for education and to train for military service
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