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in an organic molecule, the groups of atoms that usually participate in chemical reactions
the process of digesting giant molecules to make their monomers available to your cells, which can then rebuild the monomers into your own brand of macromolecules.
in animals they serve as a primary source of dietary energy; in plants, they are used as a building material to for much or the plant body
the most abundant organic compound on Earth, forms cable-like fibrils in the tough walls that enclose plant cells and is a major component of wood
which literally means "water loving"; hydrophilic molecules adhere to water to their surface
made of a glycerol molecule joined with three fatty acid molecules via dehydration reactions
diets high in saturated fats may contribute to cardiovascular disease by promoting atherosclerosis
the process that the manufacturer can convert unsaturated fats to saturated fats by hydrogen
very different from fats in structure and function; the carbon skeleton of a steroid is bent to form four fused rings
consists of a central carbon atom bonded to four covalent partners (carbon always forms 4 covalent bonds)
the process of an unfavorable change in temperature, pH, or some other quality of the environment can cause a protein to unravel and lose its natural shape
a repeating pattern of sugar-phosphate-sugar-phosphate, with the bases hanging off the backbone like appendages
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