21 terms

World War 1 (The Great War)

Archduke Franz Ferdinand
(crown prince) heir to Austrian throne from 1896: assassinated on June 28, 1914 during good-will mission in Sarajevo, Bosnia (Aus-Hung) by Serbians, sparking WWI: caused Germany and other Austro Allies to declare war on Serbia and its allies
Triple Entente/Allied Powers
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
Political/Militaristic pact between nations
Trench Warfare
Fighting with trenches, mines, and barbed wire. Horrible living conditions, great slaughter, no gains, stalemate, used in WWI.
No Man's Land
During world war 1, area between the trenches of opposing aides om the western front
Information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
An agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce.
Schleiffen Plan
German military strategy during WWI to avoid a war on two fronts (France to the west, Russia to the east). Concentrated troops in the west to quickly defeat the French, and then, if necessary, rushed those troops to the east to face the Russians before they could fully mobilize.
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
A policy that the Germans announced on January 1917 which stated that their submarines would sink any ship in the British waters
Treaty of Versailles
(WW) 1918, , Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Airforce. 2) Germany had to rapair war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manefacture any weapons.
Fourteen Points
The war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations.
Gavrilo Princip
member of the black hand; shot Austrian Archduke Ferdinand and wife June 28, 1914- set off WWI
Triple Alliance/Central Powers
Alliance among Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy at the end of the 19th century; part of European alliance system and balance of power prior to World War I.
Woodrow Wilson
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly), Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification), won Nobel Peace Prize
A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died. The sinking greatly turned American opinion against the Germans, helping the move towards entering the war.
U Boat
The German submarines used in the Atlantic to sink ships carrying war materials
Trench Foot
This was an infection of the feet caused by cold, wet and insanitary conditions. In the trenches men stood for hours on end in waterlogged trenches without being able to remove wet socks or boots. The feet would gradually go numb and the skin would turn red or blue. If untreated, trench foot could turn gangrenous and result in amputation.
A political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force and to be prepared to use it aggresively to defend or promote national interests
Pride for your country
A stronger nation taking over a weaker nation
Zimmerman Telegram
An attempt by Germany to get the US involved in WWI through Mexico

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