Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (26)
(d) the battle for control of public offices beween the parties
(s) This is important to politics because people need differentiation between parties to decide their policies by choosing the better one
(d) a team of people who seek control of the government through gaining office from elections
(s) they represent the political issues that surround the people, and those who could serve a better cause would be elected.
(d) the actions of voters and politicians are done out of their own interest
(s) according to this, if politicians want to win more votes they have to cater to the people's interest
(d) What the voters think Republicans or Democrats stand for
(s) like conservative or liberal, it helps them set the ideology for what type of policies to come
(d) a self-proclaimed identification of either democrat or republican
(s) this helps people align their views with policy makers, or get a grasp for what policies they might agree on
(d) voting for one party for one office, and another for a different office on the same ticket
(s) this is a result of becoming independently identified from parties
(d) type of party organization that relies on goodies and job handouts to win votes
(s) there was a lot of corruption involved in this, and people of little merit were placed in offices
(d) a job, promotion, or contract that is handed out for political reasons
(s) people who aren't competent are placed in office as a result of voting for another person
(d) elections to select party nominees that are only for people who registered with a party in advance
(s) encourages party loyalty, but in the primaries, candidates have to appeal to their base, so they have to be at the ends of the spectrums, and not in the middle. this is largely republicans
(d) elections to select party nomineees that are open to people who haven't registered, or registered differently than the primary's party.
(s) this encourages all people to come and vote, but the system may be susceptible to sabotage
national party convention
(d) meeting of party delegates every four years to choose a presidential ticket by nominating the candidates for president and vice president, for the general election.
(s) here they also write the party's platform and incorporate the agendas of the candidates who didn't win in the nomination
(d) one of the institutions that keeps the party operating between conventions, and is composed of representatives from states and territories.
(s) this keeps the party in order for every four years
(d) the chairperson of the national party
(s) they are responsible for the daily activities of the parties, as well as hiring staff, raising money, and paying bills.
(d) a group of people with common interests
(s) every political party depends on this because these are their electorate, and they need to appeal to them to win votes.
(d) historical period where one party tends to win the majority of elections
(s) the people like the party in power, until something critical happens and the incumbent party is the blame
(d) electoral "earthquake" where new issues emerge and new coalitions form, and the minority party comes into power.
(s) these happen because of some national crisis and people turn from the incumbent party to seek better policy making.
(d) when the majority party is replaced by the minority party, usually during a critical election period
(s) this shows that people need and want reform
New Deal coalition
(d) a coalition of democrats from the 1930s to 1960s
(s) mainly urban workers, ethnic groups, catholics, jews, the poor, southerners, and intellectuals composed the coalition that helped put the democrats in office
(d) gradually disengaging from parties to become independents
(s) party identification is shrinking, which will pose a problem for politicians who try to win the base, but also gather those of whom are centrists
(d) parties other than the two major parties
(s) they take away votes from one of the main parties, which may split the electorate and help the other party win,
they also put issues on the agenda
(d) office is awarded to only the candidates that come first
(s) the second or third places do not get anything
(d) the electoral system in Europe that gives seats to parties proportional to the votes they won in elections
(s) so all people are represented proportionately
(d) government where two or more parties join in national legislature
(s) this is common in Europe, where there are multiparty systems. there may be a lot of gridlock because of opposing sides in the coalitions
responsible party model
(d) parties offer clear choices to voters and carry them out once in office
(s) this clears up the vagueness and confusion for voters, and helps convert their promises into governmental policies
Blue Dog Democrats
(d) fiscally consercative democrats who are from the south/rural america
(s) this represents conflict within the party/electorate--they can't make everyone's wish happen. officeholders don't always follow their party's platform planks