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21 terms

Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration, and Fermentation

Photosynthesis vocabulary for a Grade 8 unit on Photosynthesis and Respiration at IGB International School in Malaysia
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chlorophyll
Pigment that absorbs sunlight found in chloroplasts that gives plants green color.
chloroplast
Organelle where photosynthesis takes place.
oxygen
Product of photosynthesis; Used by cellular respiration
carbon dioxide
Gas taken in and used during photosynthesis. Also produced by cellular respiration and alcoholic fermentation.
light energy
energy from the sun that is used by plants to produce their own food by the process of photosynthesis
Photosynthesis
Process of converting light energy to the chemical energy of food in plants
Photosynthesis word equation
carbon dioxide + water --> glucose and oxygen
Photosynthesis symbol equation
CO2+H2O --> C6H12O6 + O2
Glucose
Sugar made during photosynthesis; Used during cellular respiration and both types of fermentation.
product
a substance that is formed by a chemical reaction
reactant
a substance needed for a chemical reaction
Cellular Respiration word equation
glucose + oxygen --> Carbon dioxide + water + ATP
Cellular Respiration symbol equation
C6H12O6 + O2 --> CO2 + H2O + ATP
This is the point of cellular respiration
making 38 ATP
aerobic
"uses oxygen"
anaerobic
"doesn't use oxygen"
Fermentation
process that makes 2 ATP when oxygen isn't available
Alcoholic fermentation
process done by yeast that makes booze and makes bread rise
Lactic Acid fermentation
process done by your muscles when they're low on oxygen--makes you "feel the burn"
Cellular respiration is done by this organelle
mitochondrion
how to release ATP's energy
Break the bonds between phosphates to make ADP and a phosphate.

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