Plant fibers, beaten to a pulp, mixed with water, & stretched over a mesh frame (like a window screen) to dry
Graphite or lead; softer is darker; harder is lighter. Can be edited
(Pablo Picasso, Studies for Guernica, 1937.)
(Chris Ofili, Prince among Thieves with Flowers , 1999.Pencil on paper)
Sharp metal tip, usually thin silver wire, is used to scratch a drawing into a coated surface.
(Filippino Lippi, Figure Studies, c. 1490. Metalpoint, white gouache (opaque watercolor, pink paper.)
Burnt wood sticks; vine charcoal is the best
(Lion Panel, Chauvet Cave, c. 25,000 B.C.E. Charcoal & other earth pigments.)
Crayons & Pastels
A fatty or greasy binder (such as wax) is used to bind the pigment.
(Edgar Degas, The Singer in Green, c. 1884. Pastel on blue paper.)
Focus is on the idea, rather than on the artwork itself.
(Sol LeWitt, Wall Drawing #912, 1999. White pencil & black pencil grid on gray walls.)
Art that involves ceiling, walls & floor
(Raymond Pettibon, Installation at Regen Projects, Los Angeles, 2000.)
Oldest realistic, or naturalistic drawings known (Lion Panel, Chauvet Cave, c. 25,000 B.C.E)
An ingredient that ensures that the paint will stick to the surface or support to which it is applied. Paint is applied on a
A surface on which the artist works (such as paper, canvas, board), which has been prepared with a
Mixed with wax and resin and burned
in, as a heat source passes over the surface: builds up the texture surface
Dry pigment is mixed with water & applied to a damp plaster wall or ceiling. Must be worked one small area at a time. Drys quickly
Italian for "light-dark." In two-dimensional, realistic art, it is the technique of using light & dark values to show light and shadow, especially as they show the shape of a three dimensional form
An aqueous (water) medium like watercolor, with the durability of oil.
Most common binder is egg yolk. Casein (milk-based protein is also used.
Brillant Pigment is combined with oil (flawless glowing) as the binder & vehicle. Turpentine, or mineral spirits are used to thin the paint & make a glaze.
Clear Pigment with a medium of water & gum arabic that acts as a binder. Usually, white is not added, using the transparent effect of water instead over a white surface.
Synthetic/ polymer (plastic) paint perfected in 1950's. The medium & binder is acrylic resins & water, Mimic oil, fast drying
A French word for pasting or gluing. Refers to the practice of attaching actual objects to a surface.
Blurring Two and Three Dimensional Concepts
Off the Wall! "Paintings" that extend off the wall & onto the floor or ceiling, as with installation art.
(Polly Apfelbaum, Big Bubbles, 2001. Synthetic velvet, fabric dye.1,040 pieces.), (Matthew Ritchie, Parents and Children, 2000. Acrylic marker on wall,enamel on sintra)
Drawings directly on the wall - going full circle, back to the Chauvet Cave drawings
(Gary Simmons, Boom, 1996. Chalk and slate paint on wall)
Leonardo da Vinci
An artist, scientist, and thinker. Chiaroscuro light & dark, more painting then drawings, Fresco was his favorite medium
A mixture of white pigment and glue hat sealed the wood and could be sanded and rubbed to a smooth, ivorylike finish.
The first contemporary artists to create wall drawings. He create the instructions for making the drawing and entrusts their execution to others.
Alla prima "Italian for all in one go"
The technique of completing a painting in a single session as opposed to building it up slowly over a period of time. Features opaque impasto and visible brush strokes.