How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

49 terms

Chapt 6 Drawing/Chapt 7 Paintings

Drawings are a universal method of expression that are intimate and familiar and portable, and can be done quickly.
STUDY
PLAY
Chinese
Invented paper
Paper Charateristics
Plant fibers, beaten to a pulp, mixed with water, & stretched over a mesh frame (like a window screen) to dry
Pigment
Powdered coloring material,
Binder
Substance that holds pigment together
Pencil
Graphite or lead; softer is darker; harder is lighter. Can be edited
(Pablo Picasso, Studies for Guernica, 1937.)
(Chris Ofili, Prince among Thieves with Flowers , 1999.Pencil on paper)
Metalpoint
Sharp metal tip, usually thin silver wire, is used to scratch a drawing into a coated surface.
(Filippino Lippi, Figure Studies, c. 1490. Metalpoint, white gouache (opaque watercolor, pink paper.)
Charcoal
Burnt wood sticks; vine charcoal is the best
(Lion Panel, Chauvet Cave, c. 25,000 B.C.E. Charcoal & other earth pigments.)
Chalk
Uses a nonfat binder with the pigment; flakes easily
Crayons & Pastels
A fatty or greasy binder (such as wax) is used to bind the pigment.
(Edgar Degas, The Singer in Green, c. 1884. Pastel on blue paper.)
Calligraphy
Beautiful writing. calagriphic medium
Gesture
Calligraphic lines that suggest movement, varying between thick & thin
Conceptual
Focus is on the idea, rather than on the artwork itself.
(Sol LeWitt, Wall Drawing #912, 1999. White pencil & black pencil grid on gray walls.)
Installation
Art that involves ceiling, walls & floor
(Raymond Pettibon, Installation at Regen Projects, Los Angeles, 2000.)
Papyrus
A plant the egyptians used as a writing surface
Cave Walls
Oldest realistic, or naturalistic drawings known (Lion Panel, Chauvet Cave, c. 25,000 B.C.E)
Medium
A liquid that holds the pigments together (also called a vehicle)
Binder
An ingredient that ensures that the paint will stick to the surface or support to which it is applied. Paint is applied on a
Support
A surface on which the artist works (such as paper, canvas, board), which has been prepared with a
Ground or Primer
A preliminary coating
Glazes
Thin, translucent layers of color
Impasto
Thick "paste-like" paint "Starry Night"
Liquid Media:
Pen & Ink/ Brush & Ink Wash
Encaustic
Mixed with wax and resin and burned
in, as a heat source passes over the surface: builds up the texture surface
Fresco
Dry pigment is mixed with water & applied to a damp plaster wall or ceiling. Must be worked one small area at a time. Drys quickly
Sfumato
Media and medium are also used to refer to all materials used in a work of art.
Grisaille "french for gray"
A painting technique executed in gray-scale values before color glazes.
Chiaroscuro
Italian for "light-dark." In two-dimensional, realistic art, it is the technique of using light & dark values to show light and shadow, especially as they show the shape of a three dimensional form
Tempera
An aqueous (water) medium like watercolor, with the durability of oil.
Most common binder is egg yolk. Casein (milk-based protein is also used.
Oil
Brillant Pigment is combined with oil (flawless glowing) as the binder & vehicle. Turpentine, or mineral spirits are used to thin the paint & make a glaze.
Watercolor
Clear Pigment with a medium of water & gum arabic that acts as a binder. Usually, white is not added, using the transparent effect of water instead over a white surface.
Buon fresco
"True fresco," paint made simply of pigment and water is applied to wet lime.
Gouache
Watercolor with an inert white pigment added for opacity. Similar to poster paints.
Acrylic
Synthetic/ polymer (plastic) paint perfected in 1950's. The medium & binder is acrylic resins & water, Mimic oil, fast drying
Collage
A French word for pasting or gluing. Refers to the practice of attaching actual objects to a surface.
Blurring Two and Three Dimensional Concepts
Off the Wall! "Paintings" that extend off the wall & onto the floor or ceiling, as with installation art.
(Polly Apfelbaum, Big Bubbles, 2001. Synthetic velvet, fabric dye.1,040 pieces.), (Matthew Ritchie, Parents and Children, 2000. Acrylic marker on wall,enamel on sintra)
Digital
Use of computer to draw, as in AUTOCAD (Computer Aided Drafting)
Wall Art
Drawings directly on the wall - going full circle, back to the Chauvet Cave drawings
(Gary Simmons, Boom, 1996. Chalk and slate paint on wall)
Leonardo da Vinci
An artist, scientist, and thinker. Chiaroscuro light & dark, more painting then drawings, Fresco was his favorite medium
Fresco secco
Dry plaster support
Gesso
A mixture of white pigment and glue hat sealed the wood and could be sanded and rubbed to a smooth, ivorylike finish.
Sol Lewitt
The first contemporary artists to create wall drawings. He create the instructions for making the drawing and entrusts their execution to others.
Jacob Lawerence (1917-2000)
Painted the upheavall of the civil rights movement
Alla prima "Italian for all in one go"
The technique of completing a painting in a single session as opposed to building it up slowly over a period of time. Features opaque impasto and visible brush strokes.
Edgar Degar
Drew a grid to transfer the drawing to a painting "Dancer Adjusting Her Slipper 1873"
A painting's frame characteristics:
Sets it apart, like a jewel.
Media and Medium
Refer to all materials used in a work of art.
Raphael
Uses Fresco medium, "The School of Athens, 1510-11
Diego Rivera
Brought fresco back into the public eye"
Paint is made of?
Pigment, Medium, Binder