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Constitution and Bill of Rights Flashcards
These flashcards will help you study for your upcoming history test on the Constitution and Bill of Rights.
Terms in this set (28)
Articles of Confederation
The first written-down plan of government for the United States. It had a weak central government, and gave most of the power to the states.
A type of government in which people choose representatives to govern them. Each state gets 1 vote.
Land Ordinance of 1785
It divided the property gained from the Treaty of Paris into 6-mile townships, which were further divided into 36 640-acre per square. 1 of these was reserved for public education, but the other 35 were sold to settlers. This property became known as the Northwest Territory.
Law passed by Congress that detailed how the Western lands would be governed. If a township had 5,000 free white men, it could apply for a legislature. If it had 60,000 people, it could apply for statehood.
These rights were dictated by the Northwest Ordinance. Some of them were open river navigation, freedom of religion, trial by jury, and NO SLAVERY!!!
It was based on money issues. Farmers were mad that they could be thrown in jail for debt brought on by the United States. Daniel Shayes and his followers marched on the courthouse, but they failed. Their rebellion caused the Constitutional Convention.
He is known as the Father of the Constitution. he arrived at the Constitutional Convention fully prepared, having read hundreds of books on government. He proposed the Virginia Plan, which served as the base upon which we wrote our Constitution and set up our government.
A convention of 55 delegates from 12 states where they discussed a new form of government, the Constitution, in Philadelphia in 1787
The men who founded our nation and our Constitution- George Washington, James Madison, and Benjamin Franklin.
The new government framework proposed by James Madison and Peyton Randolph. It had a strong national government, three branches- executive, legislative, and judicial, and two houses, both based on population.
New Jersey Plan
The new government framework proposed by New Jersey as a rebuttal to the Virginia Plan. It had a strong national government, three branches- executive, judicial, and legislative, and one house, where each gets 1 vote.
The plan of government adopted at the Constitutional Convention. It had a strong national government, three branches- executive, legislative, and judicial, and 2 houses, the Senate (each state gets 2 votes) and the House of Representatives (each state gets votes based on population).
The South wanted slaves to count as population, but not property tax; the North wanted slaves to count as property tax, but not population. So the Continental Congress said that 1 slave counts for 3/5 of a free white man and 3/5 of a property tax.
A system of government in which power is shared between the central government and the states
A person who supported a strong central government and the Constitution.
A person who didn't support the Constitution because they felt that it didn't guarantee the rights of the people. States that were majority Antifederalist refused to ratify the Constitution until a Bill of Rights was passed to guarantee the rights of the people.
The Federalist Papers
They were essays that answered the Antifederalist attacks.
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments to the Constitution. They protected the rights of the people.
The five basic rights: freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom of assembly, freedom of the press, freedom to petition.
The right to bear arms
In times of peace, citizens do not have to quarter soldiers (obsolete because of military bases)
Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures
right to grand jury, indictment, no double jeopardy, freedom from self-incrimination, due process of law
Right to a fair, speedy, public trial
Right to a trial by jury
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
Citizens entitled to rights not listed in the Constitution
Powers reserved to the states