Lummis- Literary Terms Test
Terms in this set (60)
the repetition of initial sounds.
a reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art.
repetition when it is specifically used at the beginning of two or more lines, clauses, or sentences.
a comparison that explains or describes one subject by pointing out its similarities to another subject.
a concise statement of a principle or precept given in pointed words
This term is applied to an image, a descriptive detail, a plot pattern, or a character type that occurs frequently in literature, myth, religion, or folklore and is, therefore, believed to evoke profound emotion because it touches the unconscious memory and thus calls into play illogical but strong responses.
a person or thing that precipitates an event or change
the set of associations that occur to people when they hear or read a word.
the dictionary meaning of a word
the facts given by the author or speaker as support for the attitude or tone
(word choice) To discuss a writer's diction is to consider the vocabulary used, the appropriateness of the words, and the vividness of the language.
the author directly states a character's traits
a word or phrase used in place of a person's name; it is characteristic of that person
a device where being indirect replaces directness to avoid unpleasantness Ex. "at liberty" instead of "out of work," "senior citizen" instead of "old person," "pass away" instead of "die"
differs from a regular in that several comparisons are made and are extended throughout the passage.
writing or speech not meant to be interpreted literally
a character who contrasts with another character (usually the protagonist) in order to highlight various features of that other character's personality, throwing these characteristics into sharper focus.
the use in a literary work of clues that suggest events that have yet to occur
derived from the Greek word hybris, means "excessive pride." In Greek tragedy, hubris is often viewed as the flaw that leads to the downfall of the tragic hero.
a deliberate exaggeration or overstatement
a word or phrase that appeals to one or more of the five senses.
the descriptive of figurative language used in literature to appeal to one or more of the five senses
a command or order.
the conclusions a reader draws about a character based on the appearance, behavior, speech, private thoughts, effect he/she has on other characters
the general name given to literary techniques that involve differences between expectation and reality: 1) between what is said and what is really meant, 2) between what is expected and what really happens, 3) between what appears to be true and what is really true
when a writer or speaker says one thing but really means something quite different—often the opposite of what he or she has said.
when what actually happens is the opposite of what is expected or appropriate.
when the audience or the reader knows something important that a character in a play or story does not know.
a poetic and rhetorical device in which normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases are placed next to one another
in Anglo-Saxon poetry, a compound-word or metaphorical phrase used to name a person, place, thing, or event indirectly.
uses words in their ordinary senses (the opposite of figurative language)
a comparison between two unlike things not using "as," "like," "than," or "resembles."
the feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage
a simple device that serves as a basis for an expanded narrative . . . The motif is a recurring feature in the work.
the reason that explains or partially explains a character's thoughts, feelings, actions, or behavior
a speaker or character who tells a story . . . He/She may be either a character in the story or an outside observer.
the narrator reveals the thoughts and feelings of only one character (can be first-person limited or third-person limited)
an all-knowing third-person narrator. This type of narrator can reveal to readers what the characters think and feel.
the use of words that imitate sounds.
a figure of speech that combines two opposing, paradoxical, or contradictory ideas.
a statement that seems contradictory or absurd but that expresses the truth
the repetition of grammatical structure
a form of personification where human qualities and emotions are attributed to nature or inanimate objects.
giving human characteristics to a nonhuman subject.
point of view
the perspective from which a story is told
the use, more than once, of any element of language - a sound, a word, a phrase, a clause, or a sentence. Alliteration, for example, is the repetition of initial sounds. And anaphora is the repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of two or more clauses or lines.
ethos, logos, pathos (techniques of persuasion)
a technique or language device that an author or speaker uses to convey meaning and persuade.
a change from one tone, attitude, etc. (Look for key words like but, however, even though, although, yet, etc.)
A type of verbal irony in which, under the guise of praise, a caustic and bitter expression of strong and personal disapproval is given. Sarcasm is personal, jeering, and intended to hurt. Simply put, a type of irony in which a person appears to be praising something but is actually insulting it.
the ridicule of any subject, idea, institution, an actual person or type of person, or even mankind in general in order to lower it in the reader's opinion of it, expose flaws, and make it laughable.
a comparison between two unlike thing using words such as "as," "like," "than," or "resembles."
a writer's distinctive mode of expression. In order to assess or analyze an author's style, you must consider elements of diction, imagery, tone, and use of figurative and literal language.
a feeling of curiosity or uncertainty about the outcome of events in a literary work
anything that stands for or represents something else . . . An object that serves as a symbol has its own meaning, but it also represents abstract ideas.
the physical arrangement of words in a sentence
a central message or insight into life revealed throughout the literary work. A generalization about human beings or about life that the literary work communicates. (It must be a complete idea expressed in sentence form.)
the writer's attitude toward his/her audience and subject
a tone characterized by insincerity, irony, whimsy. If you say something tongue-in-cheek, what you have said is humorous, perhaps sarcastic, although at face value it appears to be serious.
(also "litotes") saying less than is actually meant, generally in an ironic way
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