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BJU World History Chapter 13
Terms in this set (52)
Who had a monopoly on the trade routes leading to the Orient?
What did the Italians monopolize?
the trade routes to the Orient
What was the principal goal of Prince Henry the Navigator?
the circumnavigation of Africa
Whose expedition around the Cape of Good Hope to India gave Portugal a lucrative spice trade with India?
Which two countries divided the world between them using the Line of Demarcation?
Portugal and Spain
What highly advanced Indian civilization flourished in the Yucatan Peninsula from the fourth through the tenth centuries?
What Indian group founded the walled city of Tenochtitlan?
What was the Spanish conquistador's main advantage over the natives of the New World?
his horse and firearm
Who was the Roman Catholic friar who opposed the cruel treatment of the Indians by his fellow Spaniards in the New World?
Who discovered the Mississippi River?
Who was the first great French explorer in the New World?
Who was the Father of New France and the founder of Quebec?
Name the first permanent English colony in America.
What was a major reason for the decline of Portugal as a great power?
the inability to adequately defend and administer so vast an empire
Why did the Dutch establish a colony at Cape Town?
to supply ships
Which economic system dominated the Age of Exploration?
What was the name of a successful joint-stock company?
What term is used to indicate the distance an object is from the equator?
What fast vessel of the fifteenth century aided ocean travel?
What is the line running north and south down the middle of the Atlantic Ocean that divided the world between Spain and Portugal called?
Line of Demarcation
What term describes a voyage around the earth?
What are Spanish "conquerors" called?
What economic system has the goal of advancing wealth mainly through investments?
What kind of company allowed people to invest money and issued a certification showing the amount of money invested?
What term refers to a supply of money?
What is the shared profit of a joint-stock company called?
Who was the Italian who journeyed for four years to get to China?
Who was the first to round the Cape of Good Hope?
Who discovered the West Indies (Caribbean Sea)?
Who was the first man to circumnavigate the world?
Who defeated the Aztecs in Mexico?
Who defeated the Incas in Peru?
Who explored the southwestern section of America?
Who explored the upper Mississippi River for France?
Marquette and Joliet
Who explored the NewYork area for the Netherlands?
Who claimed the Mississippi Valley for France?
Who was the Italian who explored Newfoundland for England and discovered rich fisheries?
Who was the viceroy for Portugal in the Orient?
Which country claimed Brazil?
Which country claimed Mexico?
Which country claimed Montreal?
Which country claimed New york?
Which country claimed Newfoundland?
True or False? European explorers were successful in finding the wealthy Christian king Prester John and enlisting his aid in fighting the Turks.
True or False? The Mayan civilization was similar to the ancient Greeks in that it formed a large unified nation.
True or False? The Spaniards stopped exploring North America when they discovered that it had no gold.
True or False? The Spanish were less cruel to the natives of their colonies than were the British.
True or False? Japan was more friendly to Europeans than was China.
True or False? As a result of the Commercial Revolution, the ownership of land was no longer considered the basis of wealth.
True or False? Mercantilists viewed trade as a "two-way" street.
List three problems for traders along the trade route across Asia to Europe by way of the Middle East.
1. Much of the terrain was rugged and difficult to cross
2. Local rulers charged taxes and tolls for passing through their territory. This drove up the prices of the goods
3. The Italians held a monopoly on the Oriental trade, which kept traders from other European countries from getting a share of the profits
What is mercantilism?
Mercantilists believed that newly found wealth should benefit the mother country. They believed that a nation's strength and greatness rested on its wealth. The goal of mercantilistic nations was to obtain as much precious metal as possible. To achieve this goal, nations sought to acquire colonies, to become self-sufficient, and to maintain a favorable balance of trade.
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