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Ch. 21: Fungi
structure, methods of reproduction
Fungi are classified according to their ________ and ________
The common molds belong to the phylum ________.
A resting spore that contains a zygote is called a ________.
The scientific name for black bread mold is ________ ________
Rootlike hypae in the bread mold are ________ .
Stem like hypae in bread mold are ________ .
Sac fungi belong to the phylum ________ .
During asexual reproduction, sac fungi form tiny spores are called ________ .
The only unicellular fungi are ________ .
The genus name for the yeast used backing is ________ .
Yeast grow rapidly by ________ fermentation.
Alcoholic fermentation produces ________ and ________ .
The club fungi belong to the phylum ________ .
The spore-bearing structure of a club fungus is called ________ .
The most common club fungi are ________ .
The fruiting body of a mushroom is made of ________ mycelium.
Many club fungi are ________.
The imperfect fungi belong to the phylum ________ .
Researchers have never observed ________ reproduction in deuteromycetes.
Some imperfect fungi resemble ________ and ________ .
The best known imperfect fungi is ________, which is used to produce antibiotics.
The phylum ascomycota is named for the ________, a reproductive structure that contains spores.
Fungi are ________ heterotrophs that have cell walls
Their walls contain ________, a complex carbohydrate
All fungi are ________ except yeast
Fungi are made up of thin filaments called ________
Each hypahe is only ________ cell thick
Some hyphae lack ________ and contain many nuclei
The bodies of a muticellular fungi are composed of many hyphae tangled together into a thick mass called ________
The ________ permits a large surface area to come in contact with the food source through which it grows
sexually and asexually
Many fungi reproduce ________ ___ ________
________ reproduction occurs when hyphae break off to grow on their own
Some fungi produce spores, which scatter and grow in some fungi spores are produced in structures called ________
Sporangia are at the tips of specialized hyphae called ________
________ incolves 2 mating types
________ of oppostite mating types meet and fuse bringing "+" and "-" nuceli together in one cell
After growth and development, the nuclei forms a diploid nucleus
The zygote enter meiosis and produce haploid spores
Zygote ________ are capable of growing into new organism
Familiar molds that grow on meat, cheese, and bread are called ________
Zygomycetes have a life cycle that includes a ________
A ________ is a resting spore that contains zygotes fromed during the sexual phase of the mold's life cycle
black bread mold
The common name for rhizopus stoinifer is ________ ________ ________
Hyphae from different mating types fuse and produce gamete-forming structures called ________
Zygotes develop into thick-walled ________
The phlyum of club fungi
The phylum Basidomycota, or club fungi, gets its name from its clublike structure of a specialized ________
The spore-bearing structure is called ________
the phylum of sac fungi
ex: cup fungus, morers, truffles, yeast
only unicelluar fungus
reproduce asexually by budding
co2 and alcohol
alcoholic fermentation produces ________ and ________
the phylum of the imperfect fungi
Imperfect fungi or deutermycota are fungi that cannot be placed in other phyla because researchers have never been able to observe a ________ ________ in their life cycle
A well-known genera of the imperfect fungi
Pencillium notatum is a mold that is the source of the antibiotic
The oldest known fungi are ________ million years old
Many fungi are ________, which are organisms that obtain energy from decaying organic matter
Some are ________, which harm other organisms while living directly on or within them
other fungi are ________ that live in close and mutally beneficial association with other species
the main role of fungi in natural ecosystems is to ________
symbiotic association between a fungua and a photosynthetic organism
the cell walls of fungi are made up of ________
fungi feed by ________ ________
Some fungi are ________, aborbing nutrience from other organisms
except for yeast all fungi are ________
fungi are made up of tiny filaments called ________
the bodies of fungi are made up of many hyphae tangled together in mass called ________
the reproductive structures of a fungus is a ________ ________
when new mushrooms sprout at the edges of mycelium a ________ is produced
asexual reproduction occurs when ________ break off
some fungi can also reproduce by scattering ________
spores are produced in structures called ________
specialized hyphae that hold sporangia are called ________
fungi reproduce sexually when ____ ________ mating types come together
When a plus and a minus mating type meet each hyphae forms a ________
Two gametangia join to form a ________
Some fungi are specialized to attract animals and disperse their spores by smelling like ________ ________
Which term describes the cell of fungi: prokaryotic, protistlike, eukaryotic, phototrophic
Which terms best desribes how fungi obtain energy: phototrophic, chemotrophic, autotrophic, heterotrophic?
fungi have cell walls composed of ________
The body of a multicellular fungus is composef of a mass of hyphae called a ________
Structure in fungi that contains spores
reproductive structure in ascomycetes in which two nuclie of different mating types fuse
many hyphae tangled together in a thick mass
structure of fungus that develops from a mycelium
specialized hyphae where sporgangia are found
tiny fungal spore that forms at the tips of specialized hyphae in ascomycetes
During the process of ________ energy is released
________ are saclike structures that produce many spores
Club fungi produce spores on a sac called a ________
Bread mold produces masses of threadlike structures called ________
________ is a type of assexual reproduction in which an outgrowth from the parent organism forms a new organism
Sac fungi are fungi that produce spores inside an ________
Yeast cells may reproduce by forming spores or by ________
A sporangium fungus obtains food by ________
Club fungi include puffballs, bracken fungi, and ________
spores and zygospores
Sporangium fungi reproduce by ________ and ________
Unlike plants, a fungus does not have ________
Which of the following helpful fungi is used to flavor cheese?
Each basidium will produce how many spores
the basidia are found on what part of the mushroom?
masses of hyphae are called ________
Another name for anaerobic respiration in fungi is called
A person who studies fungi is called a ________
the cell walls of fungi are made of ________
The cell walls of fungi are made up of a complex carbohydrate called ________
true or false? some fungi are parasites
which group of fungi are not multicellular?
multicellular fungi that are composed of tiny filaments
one cell thick
how thick is each hyphae? ____ ____ _______
IN some fungi, what divides the hyphae into cells containing one or two nuclei?
many hyphae tangeled together that compose the bodies of multicellular fungi
true or false? most fungi can only reproduce sexually
In some fungi, spores are produced in structures called ________
Where are sporgangia found in a fungus? ________
sexual reproduction in fungi usually involved two different _________ _______
structure that forms gametes
The resting spores formed during the sexual phase of the mold's life cycle is called ________
black bread mold
What is the common name for rhizopus stolonifer?
rootlike hyphae that penetrate bread
stemlike hyphae that runs along the bread
hyphae that push up into air and form sporangia at their tips
Two hyphae from different mating types come together, forming ________
haploid gametes from the mating types fuse to form diploid zygotes which make up a single
The zygospore eventually germinates, and ________ emerges
The sporangium reproduces asexually by releasing ________ ________
structure formed within the fruiting body
The common yeast used for baking and brewking are memberss of the genus ________