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Sophomore Theology Unit 2
Terms in this set (120)
What is the central image of the church?
The Body of Christ
How do all other images of the Church relate to the body of Christ?
They all make the Kingdom of God apparent.
How did the presence of Jewish communities throughout the Roman Empire help Christianity extend?
Jewish Christian merchants traveling and spreading their faith.
How did the understanding of the church as the vineyard of God shape the life of the early Church?
Christians were grafted into God's Kingdom. Jesus was the root stock, the followers were the shoots.
What were the main reasons the majority of Roman Citizens rejected Christianity?
They thought the Christian God was laughable. They also thought the Christian practices were strange. They were intellectually lacking.
Trace the events that led to the legalization of Christianity in the Roman Empire.
Emperor Galerius let Christians practice their faith. Then Constantine put a Chi Rho on his shields and swords. Then Constantine and Licinius agreeing to have all persecution of Christians stopped. AD 213 was when Christianity became legal.
Name 3 ways the practice of Christianity changed after the Edict of Milan.
Christianity was legalized, it was accepted, and people stopped focusing on Jesus' second coming. Also people were becoming baptized to move ahead in the government.
Who called the first ecumenical council and why?
Constantine because of arianism.
During the barbaric invasions, how did the Church help preserve order and justice?
Giving out food and water, Negotiating with the Vandals to protect the city.
Why did the Church's image as a sheepfold take prominence?
Because the Church protected. Jesus protected the sheepfold.
How did Charlemagne act as the protector of the sheepfold?
He made laws to protect the Church's teachings.
How did the cultivated field image apply to the Church in the middle ages?
The Church was still being formed, and the members were cultivating it.
What were some goals of the reformers during the middle ages? What was the weakest point of the reformation movement?
Purify all religions to be only Catholic. The weakest point was killing thousands of people.
Name the main issues raised by the Protestant reformers.
the role of the Bible in determining the orthodox theology, the cause and nature of sin and justification or redemption, the number and nature of the sacraments, how liturgy is celebrated, the theology of the Eucharist, the authority of the hierarchy, the proper relationship with the Church and state, the role of Mary and other saints, and the existence of free will.
How did the Council of Trent view the relationship between scripture and tradition? between the priesthood of all believers and the ordained priesthood?
They both help understand theology better. They both cannot be separated. Between the priesthood of all believers and the ordained priesthood the ordained priesthood could stand as a person in Christ and sacrifice Jesus.
What was the main teaching of Constitution of the Sacred Liturgy?
The clergy and people must fully participate in the liturgy.
What is the main teaching of the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church?
The church is a mystery and the church is the people of God
What is the main teaching of Decree on Ecumenism?
Christians need to be united and are not responsible for the faults of past Christians.
What is the main teaching of Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World?
The Church should take part in the world.
What years was a choice vineyard?
What years was a dwelling place of God?
What years where the city of God?
What years were the sheepfold?
What years were a cultivated field?
What year was Our Mother?
Summarize dwelling place of God.
When Christians were shunned and persecuted. There was an appeal of being Christian, though.
Summarize a choice vineyard.
It was difficult for the Israelites to understand chosen and remain separate.
Summarize the city of God.
Christianity was legalized. Imperial protocol was adopted. Concern for those in need diminished. Order and hierarchy instituted. Christian values imbedded in society. Some only joined church for power. 2 different images for Church: the city and desert.
Summarize the Church as a Sheepfold.
The teaching of purgatory became rooted. Charlemagne treated Church as branch of government. Some people were either baptized or killed. Charlemagne reiterated Sunday as a day of worship, ensured tithing.
Summarize a cultivated field.
After Charlemagne died the empire began to falter. Bishops became powerful feudal lords. Crusades instituted by Pope Urban the ll. 1215 Inquisition established.
Summarize Our Mother.
Protestant reform began. Criticism of Catholic Theology.
Summarize one body, many parts.
Pope John XXIII called for Vatican 2 in 1959.
What were accomplishments/ ideas of the council of Trent?
Scripture and apostolic tradition are equally important. Justification comes from faith ,but good works bring merit as well. The doctrine of transubstantiation was reaffirmed. The mass is a true sacrifice. The sacrament of Penance is the normal means to receive forgiveness for sins committed after baptism. There are 7 sacraments instituted by Christ. There is a placeWd for purification for Christians who die with venial sins.
What were achievements of the Second Vatican Council?
Aggiornamento, Attention to God's word, Religious freedom, active role of the laity, ecumenism, and social justice.
What is the purpose of the tepee teaching?
Each of us can only see one side of God.
Which Vatican II document describes the church as a cultivated field?
What were 2 reasons Christianity was looked down upon?
They were believed to be barbaric and antisocial,
What are 3 major ideas luther held?
scripture alone, priesthood of all believers, faith alone
Which reformer lived in Zurich, Switerland?
What was the main issue for anabaptists?
Adult baptism was not rebaptism
Who was a strong proponent of pre-destinatin?
Where did the Anglican Church orginate?
What religion was outlawed in France?
What did "Whose realm, his religion" mean? And which treaty enabled this practice?
Local princes could choose religion for their own area they governed. Peace of Augsburg.
What did the edict of nanes do?
create religious toleration
How did Calvin feel about religious art?
He thought it practiced idolatary
What does iconoclasm mean?
Violence against images
When did the council of trent begin?
What were the main Church responses to the Protestant Reformation?
Refirm doctrine, campaign to spread teachings of catholic faith, stamp out heresies
In what year did the Protestant Reformation take place?
What did Luther do?
Put 97 theses on the Church door.
What is the meaning of Roman Catholic?
Roman= Head of church in Rome Catholic= Universal
How did one earn God's grace?
teachings of the church and sacraments
Who was the Pope in 1517 and what was one of his major goals?
Pope Leo X. To rebuild St. Peters Church
What city did Luther work in?
Who was Johann Tetzel?
Who was the first unsuccessful reformer? and what did he want to do?
Jhon Wyclif and translate the Bible into the common language
Who was the next early reformer?
What new technology was introduced?
The printing press
What happened in 1521?
Luther called to a council
Where did Martin Luther answer his questions?
Diet of Worms
What did Luther do while in hiding?
Translate NT into German
What 3 types of people held power in 1548?
Pope, local princes, and emperor of Rome
According to the Church, what 2 methods brought about Salvation?
God's grace and choices made on earth(good works)
According to Luther what brought about salvation?
What does it mean to say the Church is a mystery?
Her nature can never be grasped by the power of reason alone. The Church is physically built out spiritually led by the Holy Spirit. It holds opposites together.
What did early Christians mean by the phrase "the world is created for the sake of the Church"?
They understood the role of the Church in the plan of God.
How does God remain incarnate in human history?
By giving the church the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit helps the Church grow and thrive. Jesus is the church, we receive Jesus though the Eucharist.
Explain the statement "the church is necessary for salvation".
Jesus chose the church for salvation, which is passed to us. Without the church as Jesus' chosen people, there would be no salvation. Jesus represents the body of the church.
Explain how Christ's relationship with the Church is like a husband's relationship with his wife.
They perfectly complement each other and are one.
What is the constitution of the Church?
The form and makeup of her. The constitution is permanent. They are established by Jesus.
What is the magisterium; s role in interpreting scripture and tradition?
To give messages that come form God. The magisterium is infallible.
What are some responsibilities of someone who disagrees with the magisterium?
Should pray, reflect, and study. The person should pray for conversion. If they disagree, they are saying that the Holy Spirit inspired them.
Why is it impossible for certain moral teachings to change?
They were inspired by the Holy Spirit and Jesus.
What is the role of the magisterium with regard to moral behavior? What is the role of the laity?
Give us guidelines to follow to become closer to God. The role of the laity is to preserve a permanent ethic and to give it life.
What does your knowledge of absolute truths help you to do?
Follow God's teachings and grow a stronger relationship with him.
Unfolding of the mystery. This is the name given to the period following the Baptism of adults. During this time, the newly baptized are to open themselves more fully to the graces received in Baptism.
"One who is sent."
Those elements in the Church's structure which were established by Jesus; includes the presence of the hierarchy.
Those moral teachings which are essentially corollaries of the Church's understanding of God revealed in Jesus.
The nine armed expeditions by Christians beginning in 1095 and ending in 1291 which were intended to drive the Muslims out of the Holy Land and in the process reunite Christians of the East and West.
A religious group of Jews in Jesus's time; religious conservatives who rejected all religious teaching which was not from the Torah, including belief in the resurrection of the dead, and were willing to accept many elements of Roman culture.
A religious group of Jews in Jesus's time; had faith based on scripture and Jewish oral tradition and believed that faith should shape everyday life; particularly concerned with making Judaism relevant under Roman rule.
Strictest group of Jesus's time; practiced celibacy, interpreted every law in the strictest manner, and separated themselves from all who lived differently from them.
Jews living in Jesus's time who believed that God called them to overthrow the Roman government in Palestine.
A total denial of Christ and a disavowal of the Christian faith.
The final purification of all who die in God's grace and friendship but remain imperfectly purified. It is the final cleansing away of all sin and of all the consequences of sin.
The governing system which prevailed in Europe in the Middle Ages in which a superior or lord granted land to a vassal in return for his or her service (primarily military). The vassal did not own the land but he did receive its income as long as he remained faithful to the lord he served. Under this system, all land was owned by a few powerful people. The vast majority of the population worked the land in return for food, shelter, and protection.
An effort to reform the Catholic Church in the sixteenth century which led to the separation of large numbers of Christians from communion with Rome and each other.
What was the council of trent?
The sixteenth century ecumenical council held in response to the challenges of the Protestant reformation. The Council clearly outlined Catholic doctrine on such matters of authority, sin and justification, and the role of Mary and the saints.
What was the ecumenical council held in response to the challenges of the Protestant Reformation?
What is Salvation?
The fulfillment of human desire for truth and good
Why is the church a mystery?
because of the joining the human and divine
What things of the church will never change?
Constitution, dogma, and moral teaching
Where is the ethic of the church rooted in?
the understanding of God revealed in Jesus
When may a person disagree with the magisterium?
After study, reflection, prayer, and consultation with others knowledgeable about Church teachings
Why don't Jews like religious syncretism?
because they thought they were denying God all together
What were the pharisees concerned with?
what people believed and how people lived day to day
Christianity was originally regarded as...
one more Jewish sect and the "new way"
Who was Decius?
Roman emperor who wanted to restore Rome to its former glory. was convinced that Christianity bore much of the responsibility of the empire's troubles. Declared everyone had to worship the Roman Gods. His rules about sacrifice and roman certificates led to confessors.
What was the main attraction of Christianity?
Its kindness and charity
What was the controversy between Christians and the military?
Christians were considered a threat to the army and were often expelled or executed if they did not abandon their faith
What was the Edict of Milan?
Was the forbidden persecution of Christians, issued by Constantine
What did the Clunaic reformers want to accomplish?
end simony and make clerical celibacy a rule
When was the Protestant reformation?
What were people concerned with during the protestant reformation?
What was Pope Leo's goal?
Rebuild St. Peter's Basilica
What did Luther do in hiding?
Translate the Bible
What did Luther say bring about salvation?
Who was a strong proponent of predestination?
What did the Council of Trent affirm?
The need for purification after death(purgatory)
What language was declared the official language of the Church at Vatican 2?
T or F The 2nd Vatican council states the Magisterium is called to bring about transformation of the world
T or F The Laity is expected to carry out the church's mission?
According to the video what 5 doctrines were reaffirmed by the council of Trent?
1 Good works have a role
2 Purgatory and indulgences
4 hierarchy of priesthood
5 role of church in tradition and teaching
According to the video what were the main church responses to the protestant reformation?
1 Reaffirm doctrine
2 campaign to spread teachings of the catholic faith
3 stamp out heresy
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