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Veterinary Medical Terminology-Meat and Bones-Pathology: Skeletal System, Fracture Terminology, Skeletal System Procedures

~VETT118 Veterinary Medical Terminology San Juan College Veterinary Technician ~Veterinary Medical Terminology by: J. Romich Chapter 3 Meat and Bones-Pathology: Pathology: Skeletal System, Fracture Terminology, Skeletal System Procedures
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ankylosis
loss of joint mobility caused by disease, injury, or surgery
arthralgia
Joint Pain
arthritis
Inflammation condition of the joint
arthrodynia
pain in a joint
arthropathy
joint disease
burstis
inflammation of bursa
chondromalacia
abnormal softening of cartilage
chondropathy
cartilage disease
discospondylitis
inflammation of the intervertebral disc and vertebrae
exostosis
benign growth on the bone surface
gouty arthritis
inflammation of joints caused by accumulation of uric acid
hip dysplasia
abnormal development of the pelvic joint causing the head of the femur and the acetabulum not to be aligned properly
intervertebral disc disease
rupture or protrusion of the cushioning disc found between the vertebrae that results in pressure on the spinal cord or spinal nerve roots
kyphosis
dorsal curvature of the spine; hunchback
legg-calve-perthes disease
idiopathic necrosis of the femoral head and neck of small breed dogs
lordosis
an abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine (swayback)
luxation
dislocation or displacement of a bone from its joint
myeloma
tumor composed of cells derived from hematopoietic tissues of bone marrow
ostealgia
bone pain
osteitis
Inflammation of the bone
osteoarthritis
degenerative joint disease, most commonly associated with aging (wear-and-tear arthritis)
osteochondrosis
degeneration or necrosis of bone and cartilage followed by regeneration or recalcification
osteomalacia
abnormal softening of bone
osteomyelitis
inflammation of bone and bone marrow
osteonecrosis
death of bone tissue
osteoporosis
abnormal loss of bone density
osteosclerosis
abnormal hardening of bone
periostitis
inflammation of the fibrous tissue that forms the outermost covering of bone
rheumatois arthritis
auto immune- system attacks own cartilage and joint linings
sequestrum
piece of dead bone that is partially or fully detached from the adjacent healthy bone
spondylitis
inflammation of the vertebrae
spondylosis
any degenerative disorder of the vertebrae
spondylosis deformans
chronic degeneration of the articular processes and the development of bony outgrowths around the ventral edge of the vertebrae
subluxation
the partial displacement of a bone from its joint
synovitis
inflammation of the synovial membrane that lines a synovial joint
avulsion fracture
broken bone in which the site of muscle, tendon, or ligament insertion is detached by a forceful pull
callus
bulging deposit around the area of the break as a bone heals
closed fracture
broken bone with no open wound
comminuted fracture
bone is splintered or crushed into several pieces
compression fracture
occurs when the bone is pressed together on itself
crepitation
dry crackling sound or sensation due to grating of the ends of damaged bone
greenstick fracture
partial fracture - will bend on one side and break on the other; incomplete fracture
immobililzation
act of holding, suturing, or fastening a bone in a fixed position, usually with a bandage or cast
manipulation
attempted realignment of the bone
oblique fracture
broken bone that has an angular break diagonal to the long axis
physeal fracture
bone that is broken at the epiphyseal line or growth plate
spiral fracture
a fracture in which the bone has been twisted apart
transverse fracture
fracture line is at a right angle to the bone's long axis
amputation
a surgical removal of all or part of a limb
arthrodesis
fusion of a joint or the spinal vertebrae by surgical means
chemonucleolysis
process of dissolving part of the center of an intervertebral disc by injecting a foreign substance
craniotomy
a surgical opening through the skull
laminectomy
surgical removal of the dorsal arch of a vertebra
onychectomy
surgical removal of a claw
ostectomy
surgical removal of bone
osteocentesis
surgical puncture of the bone
osteoddesis
fusion of bones
osteopexy
surgical fixation of a bone to the body wall
osteoplasty
surgical repair of bone
osteostomy
surgical creation of a permanent new opening in bone
osteotomy
a surgical incision or sectioning of a bone
trephinatioin
process of cutting a hole into a bone using a trephine
trephine
a surgical instrument used to remove sections of bone from the skull