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Roosevelt's policy toward the 1933 London Economic Conference showed his concern for establishing a stable international economic order


Roosevelt adhered to his Good Neighbor Policy principle of nonintervention even when Mexico seized American oil companies in 1938


American isolationism was caused partly by disillusionment with US participation in WWI


The Neutrality Acts of the mid 1930s prevented Americans from lending money or selling weapons to warring nations and from sailing on belligerent ships.


Despite Neutrality laws, the US provided some assistance to the Spanish Loyalist government in its Civil War with the Fascist General Franco


The US reacted strongly when Japan sank the American gunboat Panay in Chinese waters


The "appeasement" of Hitler by the Western democracies failed to stop his territorial demands.


The "Cash and Carry" Neutrality Act of 1939 allowed America to aid the Allies without making loans or transporting weapons on US ships


The fall of France to Hitler in 1940 strengthened US determination to stay neutral


Isolationists argued that economic and military aid to Britain would inevitably lead to US involvement in the European war.


Republican presidential nominee Wilkie joined the isolationist attack on Roosevelt's pro-Britain policy in the 1940 campaign.


The 1941 Lend Lease Act marked the effective abandonment of US neutrality and the beginning of naval clashes with Germany


The Atlantic Charter was an agreement on the future war aims signed by Great Britain, the US, and the Soviet Union


US warships were already being damaged and sunk in clashes with the German navy before Pearl Harbor


The focal point of conflict between the US and Japan in the pre-Pearl Harbor negotiations was Japan's refusal to withdraw from the Dutch East Indies


Roosevelt torpedoed the London Economic Conference of 1933 because

he wanted to concentrate primarily on America's economy

Seeking to withdraw from overseas commitments and colonial expense, the US in 1934 promised future independence to the


Roosevelt's Good Neighbor policy toward Latin America included

a reunification of American intervention in Mexico or elsewhere in the region

The immeadiate response of most Americans to the rise of fascist dictators like Mussolini and Hitler was

a deeper commitment to remain isolated from Europe

The Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937 provided that

no American could sail on a belligerent ship, sell munitions, or make loans to a belligerent

The effect of the strict American arms embargo on the civil war between the Loyalist spanish government and Franco's fascist revels was

to cripple the loyalist gov. while the Italians and Germans armed Franco

The policy of appeasing the Fascist dictators reached its low point in 1938 when Britain and France "sold out" Czechoslovakia to Hitler in the conference at


The Cash and Carry Neutrality Act of 1939 was designed to

Help Britain and France by letting them buy supplies and sell munitions in the US

The "destroyers for bases" deal of 1940 provided that

the US would give Britain fifty American destroyers for eight British bases to safeguard the coast

In the campaign of 1940, the Republican nominee Wilkie essentially agreed with Roosevelt on the issue of

the invasion of the Soviet Union and the German sub attacks on American shipping

The Lend Lease act clearly marked

an end to the pretense of American Neutrality between Britain and Germany

The provisions of the Atlantic Charter signed by Roosevelt and Churchill in 1941 included

self determination for oppressed peoples and a new international peacekeeping organization

By the fall of 1940, American warships were being attacked by german subs near the coast of


The key issue in the failed negotiations with Japan before Pearl Harbor was

the Japanese refusal to withdraw from China

International economic conference on stabilizing currency that was sabotaged by FDR

London Conference

Nation to which the US promised freedom under the Tydings-Mcduffie act


Leading US group advocating American support for Britain in the fight against Hitler

Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies

Leading isolationist group that advocated America to focus on continental defense and non involvement with the European war

America First Committee

Controversial law that made America the "arsenal of democracy" by providing supposed temporary military needs to Britain

Lend Lease Act

US-British agreement in August 1941 to promote democracy and establish a new national international organization for peace

Atlantic Charter

US destroyer sunk by German subs off the coast of Iceland in 1941

Rueben James

Leader of America First Committee

Charles Lindbergh

Instigator of 1934 Senate hearings that castigated WWI munitions manufacturers as "merchants of death"

Senator Gerald Nye

FDR's Secratary of State who promoted reciprocal trade agreements, especially with Latin America

Cordell Hull

FDR's refusal to support international economic cooperation in the 1930s

Deepened worldwide Depression and aided the rise of Fascism

Bad memories of WWI and revelations about armed merchants

promoted US isolationism and the passage of Neutrality laws in the 1930s

US Neutrality acts

aided Fascist dictators in carrying out their aggression

Hitler's invasion of Poland

causes Cash and Carry policy to help Britain

Fall of France in 1940

destroyers for bases deal

US embargo on oil and other supplies to Japan

forced Japan to either accept US demand or go to war

Roosevelt's decision to convoy lend lease shipments

US in undeclared naval war with Germany in north atlantic

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