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Chapter 37 APUSH

STUDY
PLAY
Roosevelt's policy toward the 1933 London Economic Conference showed his concern for establishing a stable international economic order
False
Roosevelt adhered to his Good Neighbor Policy principle of nonintervention even when Mexico seized American oil companies in 1938
True
American isolationism was caused partly by disillusionment with US participation in WWI
True
The Neutrality Acts of the mid 1930s prevented Americans from lending money or selling weapons to warring nations and from sailing on belligerent ships.
True
Despite Neutrality laws, the US provided some assistance to the Spanish Loyalist government in its Civil War with the Fascist General Franco
False
The US reacted strongly when Japan sank the American gunboat Panay in Chinese waters
False
The "appeasement" of Hitler by the Western democracies failed to stop his territorial demands.
True
The "Cash and Carry" Neutrality Act of 1939 allowed America to aid the Allies without making loans or transporting weapons on US ships
True
The fall of France to Hitler in 1940 strengthened US determination to stay neutral
False
Isolationists argued that economic and military aid to Britain would inevitably lead to US involvement in the European war.
True
Republican presidential nominee Wilkie joined the isolationist attack on Roosevelt's pro-Britain policy in the 1940 campaign.
True
The 1941 Lend Lease Act marked the effective abandonment of US neutrality and the beginning of naval clashes with Germany
True
The Atlantic Charter was an agreement on the future war aims signed by Great Britain, the US, and the Soviet Union
False
US warships were already being damaged and sunk in clashes with the German navy before Pearl Harbor
True
The focal point of conflict between the US and Japan in the pre-Pearl Harbor negotiations was Japan's refusal to withdraw from the Dutch East Indies
False
Roosevelt torpedoed the London Economic Conference of 1933 because
he wanted to concentrate primarily on America's economy
Seeking to withdraw from overseas commitments and colonial expense, the US in 1934 promised future independence to the
Philippines
Roosevelt's Good Neighbor policy toward Latin America included
a reunification of American intervention in Mexico or elsewhere in the region
The immeadiate response of most Americans to the rise of fascist dictators like Mussolini and Hitler was
a deeper commitment to remain isolated from Europe
The Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937 provided that
no American could sail on a belligerent ship, sell munitions, or make loans to a belligerent
The effect of the strict American arms embargo on the civil war between the Loyalist spanish government and Franco's fascist revels was
to cripple the loyalist gov. while the Italians and Germans armed Franco
The policy of appeasing the Fascist dictators reached its low point in 1938 when Britain and France "sold out" Czechoslovakia to Hitler in the conference at
Munich
The Cash and Carry Neutrality Act of 1939 was designed to
Help Britain and France by letting them buy supplies and sell munitions in the US
The "destroyers for bases" deal of 1940 provided that
the US would give Britain fifty American destroyers for eight British bases to safeguard the coast
In the campaign of 1940, the Republican nominee Wilkie essentially agreed with Roosevelt on the issue of
the invasion of the Soviet Union and the German sub attacks on American shipping
The Lend Lease act clearly marked
an end to the pretense of American Neutrality between Britain and Germany
The provisions of the Atlantic Charter signed by Roosevelt and Churchill in 1941 included
self determination for oppressed peoples and a new international peacekeeping organization
By the fall of 1940, American warships were being attacked by german subs near the coast of
Iceland
The key issue in the failed negotiations with Japan before Pearl Harbor was
the Japanese refusal to withdraw from China
International economic conference on stabilizing currency that was sabotaged by FDR
London Conference
Nation to which the US promised freedom under the Tydings-Mcduffie act
Philippines
Leading US group advocating American support for Britain in the fight against Hitler
Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies
Leading isolationist group that advocated America to focus on continental defense and non involvement with the European war
America First Committee
Controversial law that made America the "arsenal of democracy" by providing supposed temporary military needs to Britain
Lend Lease Act
US-British agreement in August 1941 to promote democracy and establish a new national international organization for peace
Atlantic Charter
US destroyer sunk by German subs off the coast of Iceland in 1941
Rueben James
Leader of America First Committee
Charles Lindbergh
Instigator of 1934 Senate hearings that castigated WWI munitions manufacturers as "merchants of death"
Senator Gerald Nye
FDR's Secratary of State who promoted reciprocal trade agreements, especially with Latin America
Cordell Hull
FDR's refusal to support international economic cooperation in the 1930s
Deepened worldwide Depression and aided the rise of Fascism
Bad memories of WWI and revelations about armed merchants
promoted US isolationism and the passage of Neutrality laws in the 1930s
US Neutrality acts
aided Fascist dictators in carrying out their aggression
Hitler's invasion of Poland
causes Cash and Carry policy to help Britain
Fall of France in 1940
destroyers for bases deal
US embargo on oil and other supplies to Japan
forced Japan to either accept US demand or go to war
Roosevelt's decision to convoy lend lease shipments
US in undeclared naval war with Germany in north atlantic