type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates its DNA and divides in half, producing two identical daughter cells.
Process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of their chromatids during meiosis.
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female reproductive cells join to form a new cell.
Sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines a trait; factor that is passed from parent to offspring.
Process in which the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in half through the separation of homologous chromosomes in a diploid cell.
Chart that shows the presence or absence of a trait according to the relationships within a family across several generations.
Diagram that can be used to predict the genotype and phenotype combinations of a genetic cross.
Cell organelle consisting of RNA and protein found throughout the cytoplasm in a cell; the site of protein synthesis.
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to form the first cell of a new organism.