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theater exam 1
Terms in this set (132)
Theatre is an event in which the performers are in the presence of the
Rooms of a real house is an example of
Poetry that Romeo speaks to Juliet in Shakespeare's play is an example of
When a solitary character speaks to the audience, expressing in words a hidden thought, it is called a(n)
These are permanent, professional, nonprofit theatres that offer a season of first-class productions to their audiences each year.
Ice in his veins is an example of a
The persistent and dire predictions that live theatre would soon be dead, made obsolete by technological innovations such as radio, film, television and the computer have, for the most part, proven accurate.
Augusto Boal is regarded as one of the most inspirational theatre practitioners of his day because
engaged audiences in the theatrical process rather than confronting them.
In ________ theatre, the emphasis is on education, personal development, or therapy.
The King of Swing is an example of a
A swastika is an example of a
A logo is an example of a
One of the things that film can do that theatre cannot is
all answers are correct
Abstract forms and shapes on a bare stage are examples of
Rapid movements back and forth in time are called
Shafts of light falling at odd angles, and colors in light used arbitrarily, are examples of
The makeup of a group will alter a theatrical event.
A bed like cement is an example of a
The first challenge to theatre as a dramatic medium came from
Realism became the dominant form of European drama in the
late 19th century
Uniquely among the arts, theatre focuses on one thing and one thing only. What is this one thing?
A theatrical technique in which performers pretend to be using objects that are not actually present is called
Heart of darkness is an example of a
A flag is a
An anachronism involves
placing some character or event outside its proper time sequence.
The Statue of Liberty is a
Language is a
When we say that one thing is like another, it is called a simile; when we say one thing is another, that is called a(n)
At the heart of the theatre experience is the
The phrase "willing suspension of disbelief" was coined by
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
In Shakespeare's own day, women's parts were played by
The degree of separation between the object or event that an artist creates and the audience that observes it is called
The reenactment of material gathered from actual events is called
theater of fact
The ship of state is a
When an element of theatre resembles observed reality, it is considered
Ordinary street clothes are an example of
Until the early 1950s, most new plays written in the United States originated in regional theatres.
Off-Broadway shows are usually produced wherever inexpensive space is available—churches, lofts, warehouses, large basements—and are characterized by low-priced productions and a wide variety of offerings.
Which of the following is usually restricted by time, space, or both?
During the Elizabethan era, women were barred from performing on the legitimate stage.
To perform in repertory means to present a series of plays over a given span of time.
When a person watches a play, it is expected that they will ignore their own individual memories, emotional scars, and private fantasies.
Women comprised the largest part of the audience in ancient Greece
Because the reviewer should represent the tastes of the general public, it is not important that he or she have a thorough background in theatre.
A critic should treat a play as an aesthetic object separate from its social, political, or cultural context.
A critic might offer background information about the
While the latter part of the fifth century B.C.E. in Greece is considered to be a golden age for politics, philosophy, art, and architecture, for the theatre is was a time of decline.
Women played an important role in the creation of Greek theatre during the classical period.
No matter how knowledgeable a critic is about theatre, much of what he or she writes is simply opinion.
Which of the following is frequently limited in terms of experience and theatrical background?
Off-Broadway theatre began in the 1950s as an alternative to Broadway and is located in smaller theatres outside the Times Square district.
One unique aspect of Maria Irene Fornés's play Fefu and Her Friends, described in the text, is that during one part of the play the audience is divided into four groups and taken to different locations to view scenes.
While Broadway theatres are all within the district near Times Square in New York City, the styles of their architecture and types of their stages vary considerably.
Because artists are often accused of being "antisocial," "subversive," or "enemies of the state," and are thus outsiders, the art that they produce is often unrelated to the society in which it is produced.
If a reviewer dislikes a particular production, it is probably best to avoid it.
A question that is NOT one of the criteria by which to judge a play and a production is
"Were the intentions appreciated by the audience?"
A critic usually has more ________ than a reviewer.
Although their societies were vastly different, both the Greek and Elizabethan theatres shared a strong connection between the type of theatre they presented and the times and social conditions they lived in.
Which of the following might offer an opinion about whether or not the event is worth seeing?
both viewer and critic
Which of the following attempts to go into greater detail in describing or analyzing a theatre event?
Which of the following attempts to put the theatre event into a larger context?
The bringing together of cultures by population shifts and swift global communication, and the challenges to long-held beliefs characterized by the writings of Charles Darwin, Karl Marx, Sigmund Freud, and Albert Einstein, are reflected in the eclecticism and fragmentation of an inclusive, contemporary theatre.
Art may question society's views or reaffirm them, but it cannot escape them; the two are indissolubly linked.
Which of the following attempts to analyze a theatre event very closely?
Which of the following usually works for a television station, a newspaper, or a magazine and reports on what has occurred at the theatre?
Live theatre is actually flourishing throughout the United States; even in areas where professional theatre may not be present, there are typically active college and university theatre programs in addition to numerous amateur community theatre groups.
Because a "collective mind" is created when a large number of people are gathered into a group, the background of the individual spectator has little to do with the theatre experience.
While the trend toward diversity in the American theatre has given birth to many multiethnic, multicultural, and gender-based theatre companies representing groups with special interests, plays produced by these theatres rarely enter the mainstream of American theatre.
In their work for most regional professional theatres, the dramaturgs are responsible for examining new plays, researching plays the theatre is producing, and possibly working with playwrights on developing new scripts.
Which of the following will often try to explain how the theatre event fits into a category or genre, or into the body of the playwright's work?
Which of the following is NOT a responsibility of a dramaturg?
production research to determine the style of the play that the director will employ
Different kinds of performance spaces are appropriate for certain kinds of plays. A large-scale musical like Wicked
would not be appropriate for a small arena theatre; however, it is appropriate to move a smaller-scale show into a large proscenium space so it can earn more money at the box office
The standard theatre throughout Europe and the United States from the eighteenth century to the early twentieth century used
Although not common, there are times when an audience may find themselves entering into a theatre audience space in a controlled fashion, as has been done by the Performance Group, the Daryl Roth Theatre, and others, in New York City.
In which of the following is the playing space in the center of a square or circle, with seats for spectators all around?
"Site specific" theatre productions are, by definition, performed in which type of space?
created and founded space
In which of the following does the audience sit on three sides, or in a semicircle, enclosing a stage, which protrudes into the center of the audience?
An all-purpose theatre space that can be converted into different arrangements is sometimes referred to as a(n) ________.
In which of the following is elaborate scenery impossible because it would block the view of the spectators?
Which of the following is/are used by avant-garde theatres such as the Performance Group?
created and found spaces
Giacomo Torelli invented the counterweight system for which type of theatre?
Which of the following is also known as theatre-in-the-round
or circle theatre?
The slant of an auditorium's stage floor is called a
With ________, although the stage space protrudes into the audience there is still a proscenium opening toward the back of that stage area, and there is a shallow stage area behind the proscenium as well that still allows for some scenic detail.
The ________ was developed by the Greeks for their plays; it also was the type of stage used during Shakespeare's time.
The inns in Spain were called ________, and this name was given to the theatres that developed there.
The standard theatre throughout Europe and the United States from the eighteenth century to the early twentieth century was the formal arena stage.
In which of the following is the stage area usually deep, allowing for elaborate scenery?
Which of the following is also known as a "fourth wall" stage?
Multi-focus environments, where something is going on in more than one playing area simultaneously, are typically found in which kind of stage space
created and found spaces
All the seats in the auditorium face in the same direction in which of the following?
Most Broadway theatres were built in which configuration?
________ use unusual structures as they are, with their original architectural elements intact, carving out special areas for acting and audience seating/viewing.
Virtually all primitive forms of theatre used an arena style performance configuration.
In a proscenium theatre of 450 seats, there may be twenty rows of seats. In a(n) ________ theatre space with 450 seats, no one would be further away from the stage than about seven or eight rows, which offers much more intimacy in style of performance than other types of theatres.
Aggressive, politically-oriented theatre produced by an activist in the streets is called ________ theatre.
The circular acting area of a classic Greek theatre is called the
A typical Elizabethan playhouse would have used
Although every actor needs to work on both inner and outer aspects of acting, it is best to develop all of the inner aspects of character development first that will allow the actor to more easily develop the physical movement and vocal aspects of the character.
Which of the following should an actor try to avoid if he or she is trying to connect meaningfully with the audience?
make certain that all character actions and vocal work are exaggerated
________ devised a system that could be taught to others for achieving the kind of believability demanded by the new realistic drama being written in the late nineteenth century.
Throughout theatre history, regardless of the predominant acting style of the day, the actors that were singled out as being the greatest of their generation were always those actors who made certain to overemphasize their emotions with excessive physical movement.
Roles that we assume with our family and friends, such as being a braggart, a martyr, a conspirator, and so on, are called
Roughly two-thirds life-size, this puppet requires three performers to operate it.
General roles recognized by society, such as father, mother, child, police officer, store clerk, teacher, student, business executive, and so on are called
Which one of the following is NOT one of Stanislavsky's four broad aims of actor training?
to make certain that an actor focuses on the character's inner life by excluding focus on anything else while on stage
Once a society determines the characteristics of a social role, these characteristics cannot be changed.
Even more contemporary actor training methods based on the books/teachings of Uta Hagen, Robert Cohen, Robert Benedetti, Sanford Meisner, and Stella Adler, to name a few, are still based on essential training methods introduced by Stanislavsky around the turn of the twentieth century.
In America, the interpretation of Stanislavsky's ideas by Lee Strasberg at the Actor's Studio has caused controversy, because many people feel that he emphasized
the emotional side of Stanislavsky's technique.
When one person mimics or copies another's vocal patterns, gestures, facial expressions, posture, and the like, this is called
Acquiring the special physical and vocal skills that stage performance demands is an ________ aspect of acting.
One of the differences between acting in daily life and acting in theatre is that actors and actresses are always being
When the performers combine the inner and the outer aspects of acting in a forceful and convincing way, they have used a process known as
In order to throw the voice into the audience so that it penetrates to the uttermost reaches of the theatre, the performer must
In order to prepare a role properly, the actor or actress should always begin with an outer aspect—a walk, a posture, a peculiar vocal delivery—and then develop the inner life of the character.
These puppets are silhouette figures—often made of leather—and are highlighted on a screen that is lit from behind.
Training in tai chi chuan can be valuable for an actor, as it serves as an excellent focused exercise for an actor's body awareness and, due to the graceful nature of the core regimen of movement, it also serves as a form of meditation to help the actor prepare.
What does Shakespeare's Hamlet mean when he says the following? "Speak the speech, I pray you, as I pronounced it to you, trippingly on the tongue; but if you mouth it, as many of your players do, I had as lief the town crier spoke my lines."
"I would rather have you speak honestly and believably than just shouting the lines out loud."
Each of us fills only one social role.
When a performer is required to play several roles in the same play, this is called
Which of the following is NOT one of the responsibilities of a performer in the theatre?
to create an attractive stage picture through movement and gesture
Lee Strasberg, who headed the Actor's Studio training in New York City for many years, established a style of training known as emotional recall that particularly emphasized a technique for prompting actor emotions that was almost identical to the method that Stanislavsky used later in his career.
Acting alternated between exaggerated and more natural styles in
eighteenth- and nineteenth-century English theatre.
What does Shakespeare's Hamlet mean when he says the following? "Be not too tame neither, but let your discretion be your tutor: suit the action to the word, the word to the action; with this special observance, that you o'erstep not the modesty of nature."
all are correct
Although it may be fun and exciting, circus training and clowning or juggling are not valuable forms of training for actors to use in their theatre work.
When children use imitation, it is often a way of
Asian theatre training and the type of actor training that is common in the U.S. are virtually the same kind of training, focusing on the same kind of movement and vocal performance styles.
________ had a chorus that sang and danced odes
Regardless of the level of intellectual study and training, it is important for actors to prepare before taking the stage often through various exercises such as
all are correct
performers would speak to the audience
Great actors are often set apart by less tangible qualities such as a personal charisma or charm, or star quality, or a personal presence that captures an audience's attention and allows an actor to communicate directly or even kinetically with an audience.
Learning how to make the feelings and emotions of the characters portrayed believable is an ________ aspect of acting.
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