Terms in this set (21)
an attempt to give a logical explanation for painful unconscious material to avoid such feelings as guilt and shame
replacement in conscious awareness of a painful idea or feelings by its opposite. the conscious material remains along with the conscious presence of its opposite
a retreat to to an earlier phase of psychosexual development
form of reaction formation aimed at protection from painful affect
external objects are either all good or all bad. sudden shifts of feelings and conceptualizations about an object. feelings may rapidly change from 1 category to another.
deflecting the energies of instinctual drives to generally positive aims that are more acceptable to ego and superego
substitution of one affect for another ue rage to mask fear
ritualistic performance of the opposite of an act one has recently committed to cancel out or balance the evil that may have lurked in the act
identification w/the aggressor
child introjects characteristics of an anxiety experience which he has just undergone. transform from person threatened to person making the threat.
defense against feelings of inferiority and inadequacy growing out of real or imagined personal defects or weaknesses
somatic changes expressed in symbolic body language. psychic pain is given a location in some parts of the body.
avoidance of awareness of some painful aspect of reality
investment of repressed feelings in a substitute object
altruism- obtaining gratification through association with and helping another person who is gratifying the same instincts
process by which an individual becomes like another person in one or several respects
taking an idea or image so that it becomes part of oneself. assimilation of object representations into the self representation whenever the boundaries between self and object are blurred.
turning against the self. object of aggressive drive or impulse is changes from another person to the self. operative especially in depression and masochism
isolation of affect
a splitting of ideas from the feelings originally associated with them. the idea remains in consciousness is therefore deprived of its motivational force so that action is thwarted and guilt avoided
the psychological binding of instinctual drives in intellectual activities
attributing a painful impulse or idea to the external world
the act of obliterating material from conscious awareness- capable of mastering powerful impulses