TOEFL

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Terms in this set (...)

Allocate
Ex: Money from the sale of the house was allocated to each of the children.
(v.) to set apart or designate for a special purpose; to distribute
Revolution
A sudden, extreme, or complete change in the way people live, work.

Ex: Online learning is causing a revolution in education.
Liability
Ex: Online learning is causing a revolution in education, but its benefit need to be measured against its liabilities when compared to traditional face- to- face instruction.
(n.) a debt; something disadvantageous
Inherently

Superior
Better.

Ex: Students should not assume that either online or face- to- face classes are inherently superior.
Paradigm
an example that serves as a model.

Ex: A new study that challenges the current evolutionary paradigm.
Facilitate
to make easier

Ex: Students should focus on what they need to learn from a particular course and which learning paradigm will best facilitate their education.
Beyond
more than

Ex: We passed the hotel and drove a bit beyond to see the ocean.
Vital
essential, necessary

Ex: The sciences are a vital part of the school curriculum.
Fulfill
to complete, to succeed in achieving sth.

Ex: The program is intended to fulfill the basic needs of children in the community.
Flexibility
willing to change or to try different things.

Ex: She's been doing exercises to become stronger and more flexible.
to tend to
to take care of

Ex: So many of today's students have work and family responsibilities beyond their coursework, it is vital that they have the necessary flexibility to fulfill their other obligations while also tending to their studies.
Obligation
sth that you must do because of a law, rule,..
Hesitate
to stop briefly before you do sth especially because you are nervous or unsure about what to do

Ex: Some shy students who would hesitate to speak up in a big class may feel more comfortable contributing to class discussion in which they can type their thoughts without having to speak them.
Drawback
sth that causes problems- disadvantage

Ex: Another prime difference between these two types of education involves the lack face-to-face communication, which can be a drawback
Reluctance
Hesitation ( sự ngập ngừng )to do sth - sự miễn cưỡng

Ex: Some student's reluctance to speak in class, communicating with others in person is a vital skill for the real job market.
Isolate
to separate from all others

Ex: Students who isolate themselves during learning situations may lack the necessary communication skills to succeed in the future.
Conduct
to perform, to complete, to guide or lead s.o. through or around a place.

Ex: Many science classes require laboratories where students conduct experiments, and drama classes allow students to perform plays.
Duplicate
to copy

Ex: Duplicating these experiences online is challenging for even the best instructors
Widespread
common, in many places.

Ex: a widespread area of drought ( hạn hán) causes serious damage to crops
Navigate
to move through- to find the way to get a place when you are traveling in a ship,...

Ex: Computer usage is widespread, but even today, not all students have their own computers, and many may lack sufficient computer literacy to navigate a course's website easily.
Sufficient
having or providing as much as is needed
Literacy
the ability to read and write

Ex: He impressed everyone with his general literacy as well as his natural intelligence.
Advocate for
to support, to speak in favor of

Ex: Many professors hesitate to write recommendation letters for their online students, even those who earn the highest grades in their classes, because they feel uncomfortable advocating for people whom they have never met in person.
Punctual
Punctuality(n): arriving or doing sth at the expected or planned time.

Ex: the punctual delivery of the daily mail.
Address
to discuss, to deal with

Ex: It is essential the online courses address some of their liabilities and that face-to-face courses take advantage of some of the opportunities available from online learning.
Component
an important piece of sth.

Ex: some schools and universities offer mixed-mode courses that combine face-to-face courses with online components.
Assess
to evaluate

Ex: Students need to assess their learning styles, and teachers need to assess their instructional styles, so that both students and teachers can create learning environments where everyone is likely to prosper ( to become very successful usually by making a lot of money)
Merge
to blend together to form one.

Ex: They planned to merge the two companies.
elevation
the height of a place

Ex: the elevation of both lakes is the same
admire
to feel respect or approval for (someone or something)

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