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ad hominem argument
an argument attacking an individual's character rather than his or her position on an issue
A reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
a concise statement that expresses succinctly a general truth or idea, often using rhyme or balance
a figure of speech in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction
A detail, image, or character type that occurs frequently in literature and myth and is thought to appeal in a universal way to the unconscious and to evoke a response
a sentence in which words, phrases, or clauses are set off against each other to emphasize a contrast
a statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed ("Susan walked in, and out rushed Mary.")
a sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses, often joined by one or more conjunctions
a sentence in which the main independent clause is elaborated by the successive addition of modifying clauses or phrases
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