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Social Studies Test Quizlet
Terms in this set (25)
What kind of writing was used to inscribe the code on the stele?
1. Hammurabi standing next to Shamash/ 2. prolouge/3. 282 laws
The code is divided in three parts?
Shamash God of Justice
From where or whom does Hammurabi get the laws?
There is partial evidence that his laws were just because they were from Shamash, the god of justice.
Is there any evidence in this document that can be used to argue that Hammurabi's code was just?
So he could protect the weak.
According to Hammurabi, what was his purpose for having written laws?
Who commanded Hammurabi to create this monument?
Inflict a curse upon his family, his land, and his troops.
What does Hammurabimthreaten will happen to any future Babylonian king who does not follow these laws?
Protecting king/strong may not injure the weak, in order to protect the widows and orphans.
How can you use this document to argue that Hammurabi's code was just?
It is just.
How can you use this document to argue that Hammurabi's code was not just?
To blindfold them, and then drown them.
In law 129, what does it mean to "bind them and cast them into the water?"
To get rid of/ not tend to him anymore.
In law 168, what does it mean to "disinherut" a son?
Law 195/129 you can argue that they are just because in law 129 Hammurabi is protecting the girl that was being cheated on. In law 195 it is fair because he is protecting the father.
Two crimes in the document result in physical punishment. What are those two crimes? How might Hammurabi argue that they were just?
Yes because in both physical laws he is protecting the wife that was being cheated on and then protecting the father in the other law.
Hammurabi said that his code was meant to protect the weak. Is there any evidence the document did so?
Yes they are but, there is only one harsh law which is if you hit your father your hands will be cut off.
Overall, are these family laws just?
He will be hung where he made a whole.
In law 21, what is the penalty for breaking into a home?
He can justify it as a harsh punishment because he wants to enfore the laws about stealing.
How might Hammurabi justify a harsh punishment.
In law 23, if the robber is not caught, who reimburses the victim for his or her loss?
He is protecting the person that lost her things. Protecting the weak, like he said he would do.
How might Hammurabi have justified reimbursing the victim?
Yes it is fair because ye was taking a risk.
In law 48, what is a creditor? Is law 48 fair to the creditor
Yes they are because the creditor took a risk.
Overall, are these laws regarding property just?
One is a slave girl and the other is a free girl.
Examine laws 196 and 199. How do you think Hammurabi would justify the differenf punishments for the same crime?
The ability to have children.
What is the meaning of " fruit of her womb?"
He doesn't want a dictor that can't save lives.
How might Hammurabi argue that laws 215 and 218 were just?
You could argue that it was not just because just if they lost one life they shouldn't deserve to get there hands cut off.
How coukd you use these laws about personal injury to argue that Hammurabi's code was not just?
No it is not fair because today there are more advanced sicknesses and medications which makes it harder to save peoples lives.
Is justice absolute? That is, is a punishment in 1800BCE also a punishment today? Explain your thinking.
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