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16 terms

Aztec and Maya Quiz

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Maize
this corn-like was crop was important food source for both the Aztec and Mayan civilizations
city-states
Mayan civilization had hundreds of city-states each with their own ruler
Chichen Itza
a Mayan pyramid used for studying stars and human sacrifice
Hierogylphics
only wealthy priests learned this Mayan writing system that used pictures to represents words
Mayan calendar
a 365 day calendar with 18 months and 5 unlucky days at the end of the year
Overfarming Theory
explanation of Mayan disappearance that says Mayans overused their farmland until it wouldn't grow crops
Warfare Theory
explanation of Mayan disappearance that says Mayans were conquered by enemy invaders
Disease Theory
explanation of Mayan disappearance that says Mayans main crop, maize, became diseased
Chocolate
Aztecs were the first civilization to use cocoa beans to make chocolate
Tenochtitlan
Aztec capital city that received taxes from other Aztec city-states
Aztec Emperors
were elected by Aztec nobles
Aqueducts
were created to get fresh water from the mountains to the city
Aztec Conquest
Spanish were welcomed as gods but then captured Aztec Emperor and conquered the Aztecs. Conquest was made easier by guns and horses, which the Aztecs did not have.
Aztec Human Sacrifice
Sacrifices were done to give the sun strength to rise everyday.
Aztec Map
Maya Map