87 terms

Professional Policing

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1. Much of a peace officer's work directed toward protecting life and property
a. has little to do with enforcing the law.
b. is service oriented.
c. is through routine patrol.
2. Law enforcement officers are called on to provide a wide range of services that may include, but are not limited to,
a. collecting and securing found property.
b. enforcing animal control laws.
c. helping a traffic accident victim.
3. Discriminatory treatment by law enforcement officers
a. weakens public confidence in law enforcement.
b. threatens the entire criminal justice system.
4. Cynicism is an attitude that reflects
b. a carefree lifestyle.
5. Acceptance of gratuities in any form is
c. within the scope of ethical conduct.
6. To provide law enforcement during the first 200 years of our existence, cities used
d. military forces.
7. In the United States, before the Civil War, police were known to
b. be widely involved in corruption.
8. In America, respect for police authority is
b. apparently declining in certain areas.
9. Problems of graft and unionism are internal issues that can af-fect
b. police efficiency.
10. Although they have occurred in various places throughout the country, police strikes
b. are illegal everywhere.
11. One of the major innovations that revolutionized the manner in which police were able to respond to citizens' calls for service was
c. the automobile.
12. If peace officers are to provide a satisfactory level of service, they must direct their efforts toward
c. existing community problems.
13. Perhaps the greatest factor influencing opinion about police is the manner in which citizens evaluate the effectiveness of po-lice in
c. enforcing the laws.
14. The police effort in carrying out the peace mission will be ef-fective only to the extent that they
a. have the support and cooperation of the community.
15. Since law enforcement officers cannot be everywhere, citizens must take an active role in
b. self-protection.
16. The first permanent nightwatch was established in
c. Boston.
17. In colonial days, sheriffs were
a. elected in partisan political events.
18. The heart of all police transactions in the criminal justice sys-tem is
a. discretion.
19. An organizational chart illustrates the different levels of authority; it typically resembles a
c. pyramid.
20. The organizational principle dealing with the "one-supervisor rule" is also known as the principle of
b. unity of command.
21. Which of the following was a development of police service in the era from 1950 through the 1970's?
a. Technology improved, with computers and communications being commonplace.
b. The increased use of automobile travel and technology created a fast-paced service style that further removed peace officers from constant citizen contact.
c. The professional police model developed with emphasis on accountability and increased standards.
d. Success measures such as response time, crime statistics, and citizen complaints became common indicators of police performance.
22. Which of the following was a development of police service in the era from 1980 through today?
a. The development of community- or problem-oriented policing opened new potential for progressive policing in agencies using both the traditional model and the problem-oriented model.
23. Which of the following is not one of the elements in the "tradi-tional police service model?"
c. Proactive response
24. "Community policing" involves cooperating with other professionals in the criminal justice system and with professionals employed by other community-based agencies and service providers to achieve common objectives. Which of the following words best describes this process?
Networking
25. In the era from 1900 through the 1940's, use of automobiles and radio communications changed the manner and method of professional policing approaches. Which of the following was not a result of these changes during this era?
d. The community felt a more personal relationship with their officers.
26. Which of the following is an advantage of involving the community is all policing activities that directly impact the quality of community life?
a. Reduced fear
b. Establishing trust and harmony
c. Exchanging information to strengthen rapport
d. Clarifying responsibility and defining service needs
27. What is a philosophical difference between community-based policing and traditional approaches?
e. Traditional modes are incident driven while community-based policing is problem-solver driven.
28. The peace officer works for and serves the citizens of the community in which he or she is employed. It is the police of-ficer's duty to protect and serve his or her community even to the point of placing his or her life at risk. To whom is the peace officer responsible?
c. The citizens through the chain of command
29. The basic concept of quality police customer service is to pro-vide a level of service in which the citizen not only receives the basic protection expected of a police agency, but receives it in a highly effective and efficient manner from police personnel who display a highly positive, friendly, and helpful manner. This means
d. the citizen and his or her needs are placed before the personal desire of the officer or of the agency in general.
30. The long-term goal of the law enforcement organization (such as crime prevention, justice for all, and protection of the rights of the individual and society) is that
c. the public is well served.
31. A trait of "traditional policing" method is
d. incident driven.
32. The increased use of radio and cars for police patrol in the 1900 to 1940 era resulted in a decrease of foot patrol. What impact did this have on the citizen?
d. Decreased citizen contact
33. The police agency seeks opportunities to enhance public ser-vice. Which of the following best seeks to accomplish this goal?
a. Community involvement
34. Which of the following is considered unethical conduct in the law enforcement profession?
d. Violation of a person's civil rights
35. The definition of professionalism includes all of the following except
b. humiliating a person.
36. When motorized radio patrol vehicles replaced traditional foot-police patrols, personalized contact communications between the community and the police
d. decreased.
37. The first step necessary to ensure that officers possess desired characteristics of professionalism is
a. screening standards for police applicants that include criteria designed to test ethical conduct aptitude.
38. Which of the following is not an advantage of the professional model for law enforcement?
d. Cost of training and development
39. A peace officer does not go along with a cover-up story. This is an example of
c. moral courage and integrity.
40. Police officers stand out as representatives of the system—even in their private lives (officers are held to higher standards than other members of society)—and do not let biases, animosities, and friendships influence decisions; officers must practice _____ in their personal behavior.
d. dependable training.
41. An advantage of the professional approach to police work is
c. customer service.
42. A characteristic of police service from 1980 to today has been the development of community or problem-oriented policing that has opened new potential for progressive policing in agen-cies that use both the traditional model and the ____ oriented model.
c. problem-
43. A trait of the "traditional policing" method is
d. incident driven.
44. For whom does a police officer work?
e. Citizens of the community
45. Which of the following is a positive consequence of effective police service?
d. Increased trust and respect
46. Police forces in the United States have generally developed from rudimentary organizations having their beginnings in
Europe
47. As social organizations began to grow and became more com-plex, generally under kings with absolute power, police began to emerge in connection with
c. military operations.
48. Medieval England was administratively divided into
a. shires.
49. In medieval England—a country fragmented and sparsely po-pulated, with no place for detaining offenders—police problems were handled through a system of collective security known as
c. the frank pledge system.
50. The pursuit of an offender by citizens of the early English community who had the duty to arrest and bring the violator to justice was called the
c. hue and cry.
51. The Statute of Winchester (1285) established a law en-forcement system that lasted for over five hundred years and consisted of
c. a watch by night and a ward by day.
52. The principal law enforcement officer of the English "shire," an administrative unit of government, was known as
c. the reeve.
53. Originally a high official under both the French and English kings, the constable was
b. responsible for all functions pertaining to arms.
54. Under the leadership of the Fielding brothers in the mid-eighteenth century, a core of fifty men was organized and paid as police officers. They became known as the
b. Bow Street Runners.
55. The individual credited with making the greatest contributions to the development of modern professional police in England in the early nineteenth century was
c. Sir Robert Peel.
56. Political interference in local law enforcement was reduced, though not eliminated, by
c. civil service laws.
57. Whenever a peace officer is charged with an offense of class B misdemeanor or greater, or a class C offense that involves the duties and responsibilities of his/her office or family violence, the officer must report such fact to the commission in writing within ___ days, the style, court, and case number of the charge or indictment, if any, and the address to which notice of any commission action will be mailed (TCLEOSE Rule 211.27).
e. 30
58. An agency that employs ___ officer(s) does not have to comply with the annual firearm proficiency requirements under TCLEOSE Rule 217.21.
none. even one officer has to comply with firearms proficiency
59. A "training unit" in the legislatively required continuing education program for individuals licensed as peace officers is
d. 24 months.
60. An officer is required to complete a minimum of __ hours of continuing education training in a "training unit."
b. 40
61. A continuing education "training cycle" is
d. 48 months.
62. A Texas peace officer must complete a minimum of __ hours of continuing education training in a "training cycle."
c. 80
63. Texas peace officers are required to complete "mandated" continuing education courses in civil rights, racial sensitivity, cultural diversity, child abuse or neglect, family violence, sexual assault, and issues concerning sex offenders character-istics in a
b. 48-month training cycle,
64. The minimum number of rounds required for annual handgun qualification is
c. 50.
65. During annual handgun qualification certification, an officer is required to fire at least __ rounds of duty ammunition.
a. 5
66. Annual handgun proficiency training must include at least ___ timed reload (s).
a. 1
67. Annual shotgun proficiency training must include a minimum of ____ rounds of duty ammunition fired at a range of at least 15 yards.
d. 5
68. Annual proficiency training with rifles requires a minimum of _____ rounds of duty ammunition fired at a range of at least 100 yards.
b. 20
69. If the annual firearm proficiency training with rifles is con-ducted at a range of less than 100 yards but not less than 50 yards, the minimum passing percentage is raised to
d. 90.
70. Annual firearm proficiency with fully automatic weapons requires a minimum of 30 rounds of duty ammunition fired at ranges from seven to at least 10 yards, including at least one timed reload, with at least __ rounds fired in full automatic (short bursts of two or three rounds), and __ rounds fired se-miautomatic, if possible with the weapon,
c. 25,5
71. Unless otherwise required, the minimum passing percentage for annual firearms proficiency qualification is __ for each weapon,
a. 70
72. Which one of the following is true concerning crime in the United States?
c. The most crime-prone age is 18 to 25.
73. The primary change in law enforcement after the Revolution was
b. The Uniform Crime Report is published monthly.
74. The development of law enforcement in Texas can be said to be
c. unique because of the historical aspects of Texas.
75. The law enforcement agency in Texas that was most recently established was the
b. Department of Public Safety.
76. Minimum standards for certification as a Texas peace officer were made mandatory through Texas Commission on Law Enforcement Officer Standards and Education rules in
a. 1965
77. Which one of the following is not a minimum standard to be permanently licensed as a peace officer in Texas?
b. Be a Texas resident for one year
78. The Uniform Crime Report is published by
b. the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
79. If an officer fails to complete his or her required continuing education within a 48-month training cycle, her or his license as a Texas peace officer becomes
b. expired
80. The history of law enforcement in Texas dates from ___ to present.
c. 1823
81. Unlike Texas—because of its large territory and absence of large cities/urban areas—northeastern states in the USA gen-erally had the "watch" and "ward" systems. Watch was a _____ system and ward was a ______ police tactic.
d. nighttime/daytime
82. The city marshal is a/an ______ system of policing.
e. local
83. The Magna Charta was signed
d. June 15, 1215.
84. The Statutes of Winchester, which began the watch and ward system, was signed in
b. 1285.
85. "Watch" was considered a(n) ___ patrol under the watch and ward system.
d. night
86. When police forces first organized and moved to city, there followed
b. increased corruption.
87. TCLEOSE Rules and Regulations arc legislatively mandated in the
d. Occupations Code.