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Terms in this set (39)
The amplification of the signal from a water-soluble hormone is achieved through an increase in
cAMP in the cytoplasm
Water-soluble hormones affect target cells by binding to
plasma membrane receptors
How do endocrine hormones reach their target cells
Hormones are transported through the blood stream to target cells
What is the role of activated protein kinases
Cyclic AMP is degraded by
Which of the following is NOT one of the functions of the endocrine system?
controls memory and learning
Compared to the effects of nervous system, the effects of the endocrine system
Which of the following is a primary endocrine organ?
The anterior pituitary hormone that controls the release of glucocorticoids from the adrenal cortex is
Which of the following is a hormone released at the posterior pituitary
Hormones that control hormone secretion from other glands are known as
Where is antidiuretic hormone (ADH, or vasopressin) made?
What is the primary effect of antidiuretic hormone (ADH, or vasopressin)?
water retention by the kidneys
The hormone calcitonin is produced by the __________ cells of the thyroid
What element is necessary for the production of triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4)
Place the following hormones in the correct order of their control, from first tier to third tier
thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), production of T3 and T4
What stimulates the release of parathyroid hormone (PTH)?
What is NOT an effect of parathyroid hormone (PTH)?
increased osteoblast activity
extracellular sodium and potassium ion levels
What inhibits aldosterone release?
decreased blood potassium ion concentration
What first tier hormone stimulates cortisol production?
corticotropic-releasing hormone (CRH)
Excess cortisol could result in:
Excess cortisol could result in:
high blood glucose levels
When blood glucose levels are high
The pancreas releases insulin
A liver cell responds to insulin by
Taking in glucose and converting it to glycogen.
What cells in the body respond to glucagon by breaking down glycogen and releasing glucose?
Body cells that respond to insulin include
Liver cells, as well as most other cells of the body
When blood glucose levels are low
The pancreas releases glucagon, which eventually causes blood glucose levels to increase.
The body's tendency to maintain relatively constant internal conditions is called
Which of the following is NOT one of the effects of the hormone insulin?
gluconeogenesis in the liver
Which pancreatic cells release insulin and glucagon?
pancreatic islets (islets of Langerhans)
What is the main function of glucagon?
raise blood glucose levels
The pineal gland produces the hormone
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) promotes
High levels of testosterone inhibit the release of
gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH).
Which of the following hormones is a part of the rapid response (rather than the prolonged response) to stress?
In response to stress, which of the following changes would happen?
decreased insulin secretion
Which of the following are symptom(s) of pheochromocytoma?
Choose which condition has all of the following symptoms: hypertension, hyperglycemia, and a "moon face."
What hormone also aids the stress response by promoting water retention and acting as a vasoconstrictor?
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