17 terms

unit cube

cube whose units=1 unit long; basic unit of measure for volume

surface area

area required to cover a 3-D shape

sphere

3-D shape whose surface consists of all the points that area a given distance from the center of the shape

right prism

prism whose vertical faces are rectangles, bases are congruent polygons

rectangular prism

prism w/ a top and bottom (base) that are congruent rectangles

pyramid

3-D shape w/ one polygonal base and lateral sides that are all triangles that meet at a vertex opposite the base

prism

3-D shape w/ a top and bottom (base) that are congruent polygons and lateral faces that are parallelograms

oblique prism

prism whose side faces are non-rectangular parallelograms

volume

amount of space occupied by, or the capacity of, a 3-D shape; # of unit cubes that will fit into a 3-D shape

net

2-D pattern that can be folded into a 3-D figure

height

veritcal distance between the face chosen to be the base and [1] the opposite face of a prism/ cylinder or [2] vertex of a cone/ pyramid

face

flat 2-D surface of a 3-D shape

edge

line segment formed where 2 faces of a 3-D shape meet

cylinder

3-D shape w/ 2 opposite faces which are congruent circles, the side (lateral surface) is "wrapped around" (rectangle) the circular faces at the end

cube

a 3-D shape w/ 6 identical square faces

cone

3-D shape w/ a vertex opposit of the base

base

the face of a 3-D shape chosen to be the bottom face