Muscles (Muscul/o, My/o, Myos/o)
Make body movement possible, hold body erect, move body fluids, and produce body heat.
Inability to coordinate muscle activity during voluntary movements, resulting in shaky/tremor-like movements
carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)
a disorder caused by compression of a nerve in the carpal tunnel (where the nerve passes through the wrist)
circular movement of joint, combining movements; possible in shoulder joint, hip joint, and trunk around a fixing point
the permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with nonelastic fibrous tissues
a condition of abnormal muscle tone that causes the impairment of voluntary muscle movement
a diagnostic test that measures the electrical activity within muscle fibers in response to nerve stimulation
a diagnostic procedure for testing and recording neuromuscular activity by the electric stimulation of the nerve trunk that carries fibers to and from the muscle
The study of workplace equipment design or how to arrange and design devices, machines, or workspace so that people and things interact safely and most efficiently.
a specialist who works under the supervision of a physician to develop, implement, and coordinate exercise programs, and administer medical tests to promote physical fitness
inflammation of the fascia; fascia is a connective tissue that surrounds muscles, groups of muscles, blood vessels, and nerves, binding those structures together in much the same manner as plastic wrap can be used to hold the contents of sandwiches together
fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS)
a debilitating chronic condition characterized by fatigue, diffuse and or specific muscle, joint, or bone pain, and a wide range of other symptoms
a harmless fluid-filled swelling that occurs most commonly on the outer surface of the wrist.
Is a calcium deposit in the plantar fascia near its attachment to the calcaneus (heel) bone that can be one of the causes of plantar fasciitis
impingement syndrome (IS)
occurs when the tendons become inflamed and get caught in the narrow space between the bones within the shoulder joint.
intermittent claudication (IC)
characterized by leg pain and weakness brought on by walking, with the disappearance of the symptoms following a brief rest
muscular dystrophy (MD)
group of inherited muscle disorders that cause muscle weakness without affecting the nervous system
myasthenia gravis (MG)
a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the neuromuscular junction and produces serious weakness of voluntary muscles
a specialized soft tissue manipulation technique used to ease the pain of conditions such as fibromyalgia, myofascial pain syndrome, movement restrictions, temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ), and carpal tunnel syndrome
a neuromuscular disorder characterized by the slow relaxation of the muscles after a voluntary contraction
the loss of sensation and voluntary muscle movements in a muscle through disease or injury to its nerve supply
a physician who specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation with the focus on restoring function
an inflammation of the plantar fascia on the sole of the foot. this condition causes foot or heel pain when walking or running
a muscle disease characterized by the simultaneous inflammation and weakening of voluntary muscles in many parts of the body
an involuntary contraction of the diaphragm followed by rapid closure of the glottis (hiccup)
(wryneck) a stiff neck due to spasmodic contraction of the neck muscles that pull the head toward the affected side
increases an angle, as in straightening a joint.
During extension, the knee or elbow are straightened
lowers a body part. During depression,
the depressor anguli oris lowers the corner of the mouth in a frown.
which is the less moveable attachment, is
the place where the muscle begins. The origin is located nearest the midline
which is the more moveable attachment,
is the place where the muscle ends by attaching to a bone or tendon
is a physician who specializes in treating the causes of paralysis and similar muscular disorders in which there is a loss of function.
a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of arthritis and disorders such as osteoporosis, fibromyalgia and tendonitis that are characterized by inflammation in the joints and connective tissues
Repetitive Stress Disorder (RSD)
also known as repetitive motion disorders, are a variety of muscular conditions that result from repeated motions performed in the course of normal work, daily activities, or recreation such as sports